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The budget for the Youth Policy is allocated within the State budget chapter no. 3421 For the Free time and Leisure time activities of Children and Youth (Youth work and work with children). The development of public spending in recent years for that chapter is as follows:
|CZK (in thousands)||297 617||297 718||309 140||308 866||299 734||224 388||276 243||280 623||280 335||276 267|
|EUR (ca. in thousands)||12 000||12 000||12 200||12 200||11 100||8 310||10 200||10 400||11 200||11 050|
General spending on a national level from this chapter toward the youth policy field is:
Annually from 140 to 168 m CZK from the budget of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports to support the Children and Youth Work of the Children and Youth Organisations.
Annually: 3 381 500 CZK through the Programme of Czech – German cooperation in the field of children and youth. In 2019 7 000 000 CZK.
20 m CZK annually to support talented children and young people ('Excellence' Programme).
35 m CZK annually on supporting festivals for young people, and knowledge-based and skill-based competitions for young people.
Different ministries covered the performance of the tasks arising from the approved National Youth Strategy for 2014 -2020 from their budgets.
There are also other public policies targeting young people with their respective budgets but there is no or only limited link to Youth Policy and its Youth Strategy.
Within the framework of their cooperation with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, the individual ministries used their grant programmes to meet the objectives of Strategy 2020. Projects are currently implemented that are financed by the European Structural funds, which are under the responsibility of respective ministries, including activities resulting from the mandatory sustainability of such projects.
Since 2000, the Czech Republic comprises thirteen regions and one capital city with a regional status. Regions enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy, which also covers the area of youth policies.
All regions have produced regional development strategies and other conceptual documents in which youth issues are included.
To increase the implementation of the National Youth Policy on the regional level, Ministry of Education Youth and Sports provides since 2016 state Subsidy programme "The Support of Youth on a Regional level" (Podpora mládeže na krajské úrovni). The last call was open in 2019.
Funds development in the Youth sector 2007 - 2014 – Project SAFE analysis
An analysis of voluntary work in the CR (in Children and Youth associations) carried out by a collective of authors under the guidance of the Czech Council of Children and Youth shows in detailed numbers that the „development of public support for leisure time activities of children and youth lags much behind the development of macroeconomic data“. The Analysis covers the period of 2007-2014 (see Chart 2).
The most visible is the lagging development of support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS, state budget). The support from the MEYS and other ministries has been very unstable in recent years and has had a tendency to decrease, both in current and real prices. Regional and local budgets do not compensate for the decrease. Regional budgets especially show considerable instability.
Chart 1: Support of children and youth free time activities from the public budget in the period 2007-2014, recounting on the development of macroeconomic data
Source: Analysis of voluntary work in the CR (in Children and Youth associations)
Following Table shows the development of support from public budgets on 1 member of CRDM´s member organisations in a year, and nominal values in CZK.
Main objectives arising from the national Youth Strategy 2014 - 2020 was to support the work with Children and Youth. Previously there was a Funding Framework for the state programmes supporting the work with Children and Youth 2011 - 2015, subsequently for 2016 and later was introduced the Framework for years 2017 - 2020 focused on Non-Governmental Organisations in the Youth Field. In 2018 changes were adopted for the year 2019, in 2019 for the year 2020 and in 2020 for the year 2021.
Funding Framework 2017 - 2020 for Children and Youth work
The Funding Framework is provided by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. The support focuses on regular and long-term action determined by the widest range of children and young people and on promoting actions and activities which contribute to the improvement, expansion and development activities of various youth organisations and organisations working with children and youth.
Goals of the programmes:
- Creation of free time and other selected activities within the membership base of individual NGOs;
- Creation of free time and selected NGOs targeted activities intended for non-organised children and youth;
- Significant international and national events aimed at children and young people;
- Training and education of children and youth;
- Creating conditions for the development of non-formal education;
- Development of volunteerism and volunteer work with children and youth;
- Education of children and youth in other fields (e.g. participation, mutual tolerance, healthy lifestyle);
- International cooperation for children and youth;
- Multicultural education.
Structure of the programmes:
- For the NNO recognised by the state for their children and youth work
- For umbrella organisations (national and regional level)
- For the NNO with branch associations (large youth associations)
- For the NNO without branch associations
Non-supported activities (covered by other programmes and policies)
- For NGOs having the area of physical education and sport as their main activity;
- For NGOs promoting and integrating the Roma community and national minorities;
- For NGOs aiming at preventing drug use, crime and other negative phenomena;
- To support NGOs dealing with impact only, single-sided or activities (e.g. only organising children's camps with no relation to the year-round activity, operation or renting of hiking and camp bases or other real estate, equipment, etc.);
- For projects aimed at providing social services under Act no. 108/2006 Sb., on social services;
- To support youth information centres.
The Programmes of state support for the work with Children and Youth
The programmes of the state support for work with Children and Youth 2019 (Programy státní podpory práce s dětmi a mládeží pro nestátní neziskové organizace - výzva pro rok 2019) are targeted for the Non-Governmental Organisations working with Children and Youth including the Youth organisations.
The programmes cover up to 4 fields:
- Programme for the organisations " recognised by the state for the work with Children and Youth"
- Programme for the umbrella organisations (including the action Youth for Regions - Mládež kraji)
- Programme for the Organisations with the subsidiary units
- Programme for the Organisations without the subsidiary units
The allocation for 2019 is 182 000 000 CZK (ca 7 280 000 EUR).
The allocation for 2020 is 236 000 000 CZK (ca 9 440 000 EUR).
Investment Programme no.133710 (Investiční program 133710)
State funding for the development of the material-technical base of extracurricular activities for children and youth in 2016 allocated ca 25 000 000 CZK (ca 926 000 EUR). For 2020 is the allocation 14 000 000 CZK (ca 560 000 EUR).
Programme Support of Youth on regional level (Podpora mládeže na krajské úrovni)
This programme is devoted for Regions which further multiply the amount and run own supporting calls on their respective regional level.
For 2019 the maximum allocation is 42 000 000 CZK (1 680 000 EUR) when up to 30 000 000 CZK is devoted for the work with Children and Youth and up to 12 000 000 CZK for regional rounds of state competitions.
For 2020 the programme is cancelled and the support for Youth Work and Leisure Time Activities of Youth is optional on the region's authorities.
There was also a state funding programme for support of Youth Information Centres available only for state certified Youth Information Centres which fulfilled the quality criteria adopted by the Ministry in 2011. Each centre could gain support of maximum 350 000 CZK (ca 13 000 EUR) later 200 000 CZK (7 100 EUR). For 2019 and 2020 this programme does not continue.
Financial support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is financially accountable to the Ministry and its control mechanisms. Supported Youth organisations and entities need to send a final financial report to the Ministry to gain the award of the subsidy successfully.
According to Czech legislation, all forms of legal entities also need to have their own financial accountability or control mechanisms and independent control bodies within their structures.
The whole financial support scheme of the Ministry is accountable to the Ministry of Finance and the Government as a whole. Independent controls could be carried out at any time by the independent Supreme Audit Office of the Czech Republic. Planned controls of the programmes by the Supreme Audit Office are carried out every three years. The latest regular control was scheduled for the period May 2017 until January 2018.
The latest Conclusions of the control are available at the Supreme Audit Office website.
Also, subjects of subsidies (youth NGOs) may be checked by the Supreme Audit Office, and they are from time to time. All general regular controls, as well as case-by-case controls, can be found in the Register of the Supreme Audit Office.
Legislation applying to the Ministerial Youth Work Support scheme:
- Act no. 218/2000 Sb. on Budgetary rules
- Government Resolution of February 1, 2010, no. 92 on the Principles for government subsidies from the state budget of the Czech Republic to non-governmental organisations by central government authorities, as amended by Government Resolution dated 19 June 2013 no. 479 and Government Resolution dated August 6, 2014, no. 657
EU Action programmes:
The Czech Republic is fully involved in the European programme Erasmus+ and its Youth Chapter. In the Financial period 2007-2013, it was similarly involved with the Youth in Action Programme.
EU Structural Funds:
No special category recognising Youth projects within the Structural Funds of EU in the Czech Republic was created. Thus no central data on EU-funded Youth projects are being collected. However, many projects applied by third parties focus on young people as one of or the sole main target group - but usually it is the decision of the applicant and it is usually connected with a special issue or theme (such as youth employment - see Chapter 3.6, citizenship education of youth, Czech-German cooperation in the youth field from the Goal3, etc.).
On the system level, the European Social Fund was used to support Youth Policy implementation at a national level by three national projects:
- ESF national project 'Keys for Life - Developing Key Competences in Leisure-Time and Non-Formal Education': 15 298 202 CZK from the EU budget (national co-financing: 2 699 682 CZK) conducted from 1 April 2009 to 28 January 2013, with an additional 4 m CZK annually for follow-up activities.
- ESF national project 'K2 - Quality and Competitiveness in Non-formal Education' conducted from 1 October 2012 to 30 June 2015 with 57 m CZK.
- ESF national project 'Connecting Formal and Non-Formal Education' conducted from 1 September 2018 to 31 August 2021.
First two projects were focused on the validation and recognition of Non-formal and Informal learning. For details see Chapter 6.4 on the Validation and recognition of Non-formal and Informal learning.
Regarding the support of Non-Fomal and Informal learning and for leisure-based education and their infrastructures, the Youth Departments informs on opportunities from the European Funds and their related calls.
To support youth employment, the Ministry of Social Affairs initiated several EU funded projects on supporting internships and apprenticeships. The European Social Fund is also linked with the implementation of the Youth Guarantee scheme in respective regions. For more details see Chapter 3.5.
The only possible way how to determine the whole amount of EU funds supporting youth in the Czech Republic would be to assess every single project ever funded separately by various Operational Programmes and Funds.