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Employment measures focused on young people are directly linked with the implementation of the Youth Guarantee.
Name: Youth Guarantee (Záruky pro mládež)
Based in: Employment Policy Strategy 2020
Institutions responsible for implementation and coordination: Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs; partner institution is Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, Main implementers are the Employment Offices of the Czech Republic working on national, regional and local levels and directly in the field with the target group.
personalised NEETs education and employment policy
removing discrepancies between young people's abilities and labour market qualification demands
increasing employment, decreasing unemployment
preventing consequences of youth social exclusion
Target group characteristic:
Young people (15–24-29 years of age), unable to find job, who are not actively seeking work, do not study, are not in training for a job. The Czech Republic is voluntarily offering the same conditions for young people up to 30 years of age while the capacities could be developed by the use of the European Social Fund by projects of respective Regional Employment Offices.
Number of participants:
In total in 2016: 3 624 young persons
According to the annual report of DG Employment Office in the year 2016: 1 465 within the Youth Employment Initiative (NUTS II Severozápad) and 2 159 in other regions of the Czech Republic not eligible for the European Employment Initiative.
Youth (15-24) unemployment rate reduction to 12.3%
Low qualified (ISCED 0-2) unemployment reduction to 18.8 till 2020
Multiple sources (state budget, European Social Fund: Operation Programme Employment and Operation Programme Research, Science)
13 599 984 EUR (till 2015)
Annual updates based on regular activity and efficiency evaluation (not publicly available)
Evaluation will be based on data and indicators from the information system, CZ Employment Offices, Operational Programme Employment indicators, Operational Programme Research, Science and Education indicators, etc.
Evaluation outcome: Activity Report by the Employment Office to the CZ Government
Measures of the Active Employment Policy are equally accessible for all citizens including young people (non-discriminatory principle). The main providers are regional and local Employment Offices and their contact centres. The Offices of the Czech Republic also provide all social benefits of a non-insurance nature, which allows them to impact the target group in the case of their inactivity.
Youth employment is monitored with the same standards and categories as in the EU and according to international standards.
EU recommendations regarding youth employment are taken seriously and are integrated into the relevant Czech policies and support schemes.
At the national level, the measures were also realised by the Fund for Further Education (FFE), an organisation established by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (till 2019, organization is closed since then). All projects were co-funded by the ESF. Way for Youth was a national EU-funded project supporting young people to get first and good experiences with the labour market including real placements. To support youth transition to labour market, FFE was operating the National Register of Internships.
Previous projects 'Internships for youth' and 'Internships in business' were also realised for young people and students of any level before graduation.
Other employment measures are linked with the status of student up to 26 years of age (up to 28 years in case of doctoral students) which brings benefits:
- Self-employment is a secondary activity and thus for the first year there is no need to pay deposits for obligatory health insurance
- In the next years, health security benefits are paid only if a profit has been generated above the general limit and minimum deposits are not in force
- The parallel model also works for obligatory public social security insurance
In the Czech Republic, flexicurity is demanded more by older parts of society or with the link to family issues rather than youth issues. Special attention is given e.g. to mothers with children up to 15 years of age, and the possibility to take care of sick children up to 10 years of age. There are thus no specific flexicurity measures focused on youth on a national level.
During the years 2016 and 2017 governmental proposals prepared by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs have put a focus on the flexicurity measures in general; none of them was directly linked to young people, but rather to general employment conditions and rights, however with impact on young people as on general society.
One of the proposals passed, in effect from 1st of February 2018, will be the possibility of one week off for new fathers.
There are no specific national-level measures or initiatives on the reconciliation of private and working life of young people. Most such initiatives aim at young families and the systematic care of small children.
One of the main tools on a national level is the programming of the European Social Fund and allocation of resources for relevant stakeholders on regional and local level (especially Regional and local Employment offices) who are responsible for the implementation and direct actions. Within ESF, the biggest allocation is for the Operational Programme Employment.
Within the Financial Framework 2014-2020, 27 199 968 EUR was allocated in the Czech Republic within the European Social Fund for the Youth Employment Initiative. This was allocated within the first priority of the Operational Programme Employment for the NUTS II Region Severozápad which is the only one in the Czech Republic above the European Youth Guarantee limits for special action on youth unemployment.
The European Social Fund and Operational Programme Employment allocated 60.23%, 1 292 307 890 EUR, for the employment measures in 2014-2020. Investment Axes 1 and the second specific objective is to increase employment of supported young people through the Youth Guarantees schemes. Thus also other regions can apply and realise their own projects according to regional and local needs of young people in that place. The State Budget is usually used to co-finance successful projects.
In reality, all regional Employment Offices applied with their own Regional Individual Project scheme. The activities and scopes differ regionally, e.g. in the South Moravia Region (Jihomoravský kraj) the Youth Guarantee project supports young people up to 29 years of age. The Plzeň Region (Plzeňský kraj) Youth Guarantee project targets young people up to 29 years of age including those who lack work experience, or who have work experience, but only up to three years without the limitation of education. The projects are similar in other regions. Financing is usually at 85 per cent from the EU, 10 per cent from the State budget and 5 per cent from the Regional Authority.
There are no specific quality assurance measures on a national level for young people's integration into the labour market, apart from the Youth Guarantee scheme and those in internships and apprenticeships described in Chapter 3.5.