7.3 Sport, youth fitness and physical activity
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The state strategies in the field of sport are:
'Strategy to support sport in 2016 – 2025 – SPORT 2025'by Governmental Decree no. 591/2016
'Plan of support of sports development 2015 – 2017' and for period 2018 - 2019 by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
There is also the Act no. 115/2001 Sb. on supporting sports.
Since the end of 2005, there is also Methodology to ensure the safety and health of children, pupils and students. It brings standards how the safety of sport and physical activities, especially in school facilities, should be tackled. In 2007 also Methodical information - playgrounds and gyms were issued to better harmonise the issues around gyms and playgrounds for children and Young people.
Actual issues in sports policy development are discussed in the advisory body of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports National Council for Sport.
The Strategy SPORT 2025
The responsible state authority for the implementation is the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports. However, practically all other ministries have ascribed co-responsibilities.
The Strategy is overarching to all target groups of the Sports Policy. Children and Young people are one of the main target groups as well as professionals a state representation.
The priorities of the Strategy in relation to children and Youth:
- Stop the decline in the physical fitness of children and youth
- Stop the growth of overweight and obesity in children and youth
- To increase the level of motion literacy
- Reduce the economic participation of families in the sport
The aims are:
- Promote the development of sports clubs, sports, and physical education units
- Encourage mass promotional and motivational sports events (family action)
- Continue to support talented youth programmes in cooperation with sports federations
- Intensify the education system link with the preparation of talents and representation
- Raise awareness of sports for children
- Develop the performance of youth sport regardless of the perspective representation
- Upgrade the system of training of experts in sports and strengthen the mentoring of children
- Develop school and university sport
- Restore and build sports infrastructure
- Develop sports for disabled young people
There are no revisions or updates, as the strategy is rather new and in the first years of implementation since 2016. Action Plans serve to implement the Sports Strategy. Action planes are evaluated for the given period, usually 3 or 2 years.
The promotion of sport and physical activity among young people is a cross-sectoral issue on a horizontal and even vertical level, where regional authorities are also involved.
Following the implementation of the Sports strategy, several measures are in place. Young people are mostly targeted via the school system. The state also supports theirs out of school activities. On Young people and their support structures are target following subsidy programmes:
Call MY CLUB (Výzva MUJ KLUB)
This programme is devoted to supporting sports and physical activities of Children and Young people up to 23 years of age (with possible exceptions in age limit). It also includes maintenance and operation of sports facilities used by children and youth. The allocation for 2020 was 1 500 000 000 CZK (ca 60 000 000 EUR).
Call TALENT (Výzva TALENT)
The programme supports young sportsmen and sportswomen especially in sports listed in Olympic games programmes. This focus usually on the age group of 15 - 23 years of age. Further, it supports basic and performance activities of talented Children aged usually 6 - 15 years of age. It supports the top sports youth centres (vrcholová sportovní centra mládeže), sports youth centres (sportovní centra mládeže), sports centres (sportovní sřediska) and sports academies (sportovní akademie). For 2020 the allocation was 900 000 000 CZK (ca 36 000 000 EUR).
Call REPRE (Výzva REPRE)
This programme supports the state representation in international sports events including the Youth Olympic games. It is devoted to all aged usually above 15 years of age. The allocation for 2020 was 720 000 000 CZK (ca 28 800 000 EUR). Young people compete with the whole sports representation population as the nature of the programmes implicate.
Physical education is an obligatory part of the state curricular documents.
There is also a promotional activity 'An hour of additional sport' (Hodina pohybu navíc) in the extracurricular educational activities for the elementary schools. In January 2017, 350 elementary schools across the whole country were involved in this initiative. After the Pilot testing of this project finished new ways if the implementation and support were searched in 2018.
Methodological materials for teachers, schools, and sports trainers were created during the pilot testing.
According to the Strategy SPORT 2025 and the legislation on supporting sports activities, there is also the Subsidy programme IX. For supporting the organisation of school and tertiary education sports which can support up to 100 per cent of the project costs.
There is also a top-level initiative of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports to support the involvement of the 'swimming preparation' into school activities. Swimming at elementary schools is quite a traditional activity since the 1960s. Currently, it is up to the school director to decide whether it will be done at that particular elementary school and included in the school curricular document for the obligatory school attendance or not.
The ministry has launched a Subsidy call for 2020 to motivate elementary schools to include swimming in their scope of activities. Also there is already an announcement of the results of the development program for 2020.
Collaboration and the formation of partnerships between schools, youth workers, health professionals and sports organisations to promote youth fitness and physical activity among young people are to some extent promoted under the pilot testing of an initiative 'An hour of additional sport' (Hodina pohybu navíc). In the scope of the programme, the sports trainers and youth workers with physical activities are attending schools in the extra-curricular activities to promote various sports activities among the pupils and also to motivate them to participate in sport in their free time.
In 2015, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports launched a call for the financial support of the implementation of the initiative. The overall allocation for the initiative was 23 mil CZK (ca 855 500 EUR). From this allocation, 3 million CZK were devoted to the development of the methodological materials and testing and 20 million CZK for the involved schools – up to 10 million CZK for the year 2015 and up to 13 million CZK for the year 2016.