9.2 Administration and governance
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This section describes the main actors involved in policy-making on youth and global issues on the level of governmental authority, public actors and non-public actors.
On the level of the Government, the youth issues are within the competence of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.
The main responsible entity within the ministry is the Youth Unit within section II. governing Education and Youth. International cooperation, in general, is in the competence of Section IV. on legislation and international relations. Within this section, there is also the two Departments for international relations and EU affairs.
The competence of foreign affairs policy and international relations is the domain of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Within the section on security and multilateral cooperation there is also the Department of the United Nations which is responsible among other things also for the UN Youth Delegates Programme. There is also a Section of Non-European Countries, Economic and Development with the Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid Department.
In the scope of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is also the Council for International Development Cooperation.
In specific topical issues, other respective Ministries can be involved in their international cooperation and activities and competencies in youth, especially theMinistry of Culture and Ministry of Environment.
The main public Agency responsible for the international cooperation in youth issues is the Centre for International Cooperation in Education (DZS).
It is a semi-budgetary organisation, established by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, performing tasks involved with ensuring educational, training and other relations with foreign countries under the instructions of the ministry. DZS is responsible for a number of international programmes, including the Erasmus+ Programme and European Solidarity Corps, and carries out activities relating to the promotion of education. DZS services are aimed at both individuals, students, teachers, directors of all types of schools and other professionals, and organisations and companies involved in education and local authorities and, last but not least, also the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.
In the field of global development, there is the Czech Development Agency.
Bilateral projects of development cooperation between the Czech Republic and other countries are the main activity of the Czech Development Agency. Based on the Development Cooperation Strategy of the Czech Republic 2010-2017 and 2018-2030, the Agency focuses in each country on projects in specific sectors. The sectors were selected in consideration of Czech experience and build upon Czech comparative advantages. They also reflect priorities of the international community in general and activities of other donors.
At the same time, the Czech Development Agency supports projects under its specific programmes. They include the Programme Engaging the Private Sector in Development Cooperation with its Programme Feasibility Study and Programme Development Partnership for the Private Sector, the Programme Temporary Expert Assignment and the Programme Placement of Czech Teachers to Developing Countries.
The Agency also supports trilateral projects. Such projects are co-financed by other donors, for instance by the European Commission.
Last but not least the Agency supports local projects. Such projects are focused on raising awareness about development cooperation and capacity building of Czech entities. The Agency also provides support to the projects during their implementation.
In the competence of the Agency there is also the Global development education and awareness.
In the sphere of non-public actors, we can list many youth organizations, NGOs and private actors. Among those most significant for the youth field we can name:
- The Czech Council of Children and Youth, national youth council
- The People in Need, the Largest NGO with many relevant activities for young people, especially within their programmers One World at Schools and Varianty.
- Movement Brontosaurus, youth NGO
- INEX-SDA, youth NGO
- AFS Mezikulturní programy, youth NGO
- Junák – Český skaut, Czech Scouting Movement
- YMCA, youth NGO
- Pionýr, youth NGO
- Duha, youth NGO
- ADRA, humanitarian organisation
- Tamjdem, NGO
- AIESEC, student organization
- DOFE - The Duke of Edinburgh's International Award, youth organisation
- and many others…
Existing mechanisms of cross-sectorial cooperation between Ministries, Departments, Agencies involved in defining policies and measures regarding youth's contribution to global processes of policy-making, implementation and follow-up, including youth cooperation at the global level are on an ad hoc basis or linked to concrete needs of various activities, programmes and projects. There is no central cross-sectorial body on the international cooperation in defining the youth's contribution to global processes.