10.5 Youth workers
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The only form in which youth work can be found as a separate entity in legislation (besides the educational aspects and the references of the National Youth Strategy) is the reference to the 'youth assistant' profession of the Hungarian Standard Classification of Occupation (hereinafter referred to as HSCO) of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Központi Statisztikai Hivatal). This practically means that the laws only consider youth workers with corresponding education and/or occupation; volunteers are therefore subject to a different legal understanding.
Various laws list a number of professions that can be exercised as youth assistant occupation ('Ifjúságsegítő'). According to the website of the Office, typical positions include (but are not limited to):
- Child and youth protection officer
- Child protection supervisor
- Youth assistant
- Youth officer
- Youth education associate
- Community development assistant
- Community assistant
- Community childcare advisor
- Social educator and helper-rehabilitation.
Until 2017, youth work could be learned as a profession in higher vocational education (between 2012 and 2017 as a vocational education in higher education). In 2015 a decree of the Ministry of Human Capacities [18/2016. (VIII. 5.) EMMI rendelet] has created the Community Coordinator BA (Közösségszervezés BA) level education. Its youth community coordinator specialisation has become the successor of the vocational training.
Besides this, EYF organises a number of trainings. The selection is the following (Erzsébet Ifjúsági Alap - 'Képzéseink'):
- Online coaching to support career guidance for young people (20 hours)
- Basics and practices of NGO project management (20 hours)
- Online preparation for international voluntary service (20 hours)
- Basic skills of youth profession (30 hours)
- Assertive communication (30 hours)
- Preparation of peer support workers (30 hours)
- Training of peer mentors (30 hours)
- Basics of community coordination (30 hours)
- Career guidance support for young people (30 hours)
- NGO project and tender management (30 hours)
- Methods of game and experiential education in youth work (30 hours)
- Anti-discrimination, harassment, equal opportunities for young people – recognition, prevention and treatment (30 hours)
In the area of volunteering:
- Coordination and management of volunteers - Volunteer coordination at basic level (30 hours)
- Volunteer coordination - From basics to specific needs (30 hours)
- Preparing volunteers for international voluntary service (40 hours)
- Basic preparation for international voluntary service (20 hours)
- Preparation for international voluntary service for health purposes (10 hours)
- Preparation of international service travellers for volunteering (10 hours)
- Volunteers in the organisation - Preparation to receive volunteers (30 hours)
From time to time the Hungarian Association of Youth Service Providers [Ifjúsági Szolgáltatók Országos Szövetsége (hereinafter referred to as ISZOSZ)] organises training opportunities – in the past years, they have offered summer schools, training, and – between 2016 and 2018 – the Academy of Profession for the Youth.
There are no other official procedures for validating non- and informal learning outcomes than what is described in chapter 6.4 Validation of non-formal and informal learning.
Government-funded mobility of youth workers mostly relates to community development of Hungarian minority communities in countries of the Carpathian Basin (see the role of the Bethlen Gábor Fund in sub-chapter 10.3 Support to youth work).
Besides this and the networking options described in sub-chapter 10.3 Support to youth work, the youth chapter of Erasmus+ offers the most opportunities for youth workers to take part in international study visits and seminars. The national phase of the E+ project of Europe Goes Local involved study visits also on the national level.