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The strategical background of using new technologies is linked to the Digital Success Programme [2012/2015. Government Decree on the Digital Success Programme to be implemented on the basis of the national consultation about internet and digital developments (InternetKon) by the Government][2012/2015. (XII. 29.) Korm. határozat az internetről és a digitális fejlesztésekről szóló nemzeti konzultáció (InternetKon) eredményei alapján a Kormány által végrehajtandó Digitális Jólét Programjáról].
The programme has had two cycles so far and a third one is in progress:
- Digital Success Programme 1.0 (2015): to secure the accessibility and affordability of Internet including tax-reduction, wifi-hotspots of public institutions and educational, childcare and community culture institutions.
- Digital Success Programme 2.0 (2017): to gain digital advantage withits digitalisation-supporting programmes cover almost every field of the digital development of the Hungarian economy.
- 'DJP2030' [Digital Success Programme 2030, (in Hungarian: Digitális Jólét Program 2030, DJP2030)] strategic framework (2020):
'to propose new solutions and institutions that can effectively interpret and address the global challenges and opportunities created by digitalisation in international co-operation. The starting point of the DJP is that the state is also responsible for the digital well-being of its citizens; therefore the central theme of the DJP2030 is digital state governance. The DJP 2030 defines its strategic goals and areas of intervention in a tripartite division, concerning the human-machine system'.
The Digital Education Strategy of Hungary
'Public education must ensure the opportunities of acquiring digital competences expected by society and labour market, with a special focus on the needs of training, higher education and lifelong learning, as well as the aspects of performance, fairness and efficiency. The comprehensive goal is divided into further development goals:
ICT knowledge, methodological culture, motivation and ICT-use of teachers must be in line with the needs of digital education;
Digital media content, methodological support and knowledge sharing must ensure that the use of ICT tools is incorporated in the process of teaching, learning and evaluation processes;
The spaces of public education and the classrooms must have an appropriate level of access to the Internet and tools for meeting the requirements of digital education;
The system of tools provided for students must be in line with the horizontal requirements (IT-safety, equal opportunities);
All public educational institutions must have access to decision support, administrational, communication, data supply and organisational options provided by digital technologies'. (Digital Education Strategy of Hungary p. 12.)
The strategic goal in training is that 'students of vocational training must have the general and professional digitals skills expected by the labour market and needed for further education', whereas the goal related to higher education is
'the creation of a unified, online, digital environment, which provides personalised learning opportunities based on age, interests and personal living conditions. An online learning space, learning community is created where members of the community receive support for lifelong learning and development. Higher educational institutions develop their supply of educational programmes by reacting in a flexible way to employers’, students’ and social educational needs in this online space.
A comprehensive strategic goal on the level of the individual student and higher education, in general, is that the digital readiness, use of tools, digital work experience must reach the level of international expectations. To achieve these goals breakthrough in contrast with the current situation is needed in three main areas:
Change in the current methodology and approach of teaching and learning; a change of paradigm in higher education; facilitation of the realisation by the institutions of student-centred learning; and using all the potential if ICT in teaching and learning
Building a space for learning; convert university into a digital learning community facilitated by digital tools that helps students and teachers
Development, maintenance, and increase of efficiency in the infrastructure needed for the change of paradigm.'
The strategy also has a number of goals regarding the development of digital infrastructure, and besides the aforementioned general goals of the Digital Welfare Programme, the need for multimedia laboratories (including digital camera, VR display and workstation for editing), and for providing digital tools for those who lack their own ones (as well as supporting the acquisition of private tools) can be mentioned among the goals for public education.
For more information, see sub-chapter 6.8 Media literacy and safe use of new media.
The Digitalisation Strategy of Public Collections (2017-2025) [Közgyűjteményi Digitalizálási Stratégia (2017-2025)] is the most important strategical document regarding digital access to culture. The Strategy is cross-referred in the Digital Success Programme too. The strategy’s vision on digitalisation is a constant operation involving the entire system of public collections, which, instead of institutional needs, focuses on
- collective needs,
- efficiency and
The strategy aims to improve the interdependence of education and the content provided by public collections, and the strategy generally gives a big emphasis on education (especially public education), to provide resources for teaching. For the year 2020, the budget (költségvetés) for realising the strategy was HUF 670 million (about EUR 1.8 million). Target groups of the strategy (besides the whole population) include those involved in public education and disadvantaged people.