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The strategical background of using new technologies is linked to the Digital Success Programme [2012/2015. Government Decree on the Digital Success Programme to be implemented on the basis of the national consultation about internet and digital developments (InternetKon) by the Government] [2012/2015. (XII. 29.) Korm. határozat az internetről és a digitális fejlesztésekről szóló nemzeti konzultáció (InternetKon) eredményei alapján a Kormány által végrehajtandó Digitális Jólét Programjáról].
The programme has had two cycles so far and a third one is in progress:
- Digital Success Programme 1.0 (2015): to secure the accessibility and affordability of Internet including tax-reduction, wifi-hotspots of public institutions and educational, childcare and community culture institutions.
- Digital Success Programme 2.0 (2017): to gain digital advantage withits digitalisation-supporting programmes cover almost every field of the digital development of the Hungarian economy.
- 'DJP2030' [Digital Success Programme 2030, (in Hungarian: Digitális Jólét Program 2030, DJP2030)] strategic framework (2020):
'to propose new solutions and institutions that can effectively interpret and address the global challenges and opportunities created by digitalisation in international co-operation. The starting point of the DJP is that the state is also responsible for the digital well-being of its citizens; therefore the central theme of the DJP2030 is digital state governance. The DJP 2030 defines its strategic goals and areas of intervention in a tripartite division, concerning the human-machine system.'
The Digital Education Strategy of Hungary
'The overall strategic goal is to ensure that public education can provide opportunities for acquiring the digital competences required by society and the labour market with special regard to the requirements of vocational education and training, higher education and lifelong learning as well as to the aspects of effectiveness, equity, and efficiency.' (Digital Education Strategy of Hungary)
The development objectives are the following:
- ICT knowledge, methodological culture, motivation and ICT-use of teachers must be in line with the needs of digital education;
- digital media content, methodological support and knowledge sharing must ensure that the use of ICT tools is incorporated in the process of teaching, learning and evaluation processes;
- the spaces of public education and the classrooms must have an appropriate level of access to the Internet and tools for meeting the requirements of digital education;
- the system of tools made available to students must be meet horizontal requirements (IT-security, equal opportunities);
- all public educational institutions must have access to decision support, administrational, communication, data supply and organisational options provided by digital technologies.
The strategic goal in training is that 'students of vocational training must have the general and professional digitals skills expected by the labour market and needed for further education', whereas the goal related to higher education:
'there will be a standardised online digital environment in Hungarian higher education that will offer personalised learning opportunities tailored to age, interest, and the individual’s life situation. There will be an online learning platform, a learning community where the members of the community are given support in their lifelong learning and development.
The overall strategic goal that covers the individual students as well as higher education as a whole is to enable the digital preparedness, use of tools and digital work experience of higher education graduates to reach the international standards. To this end, there are three main areas where a breakthrough is required compared to the current situation:
Change in the current methodology and approach of teaching and learning; a change of paradigm in higher education; promoting the implementation of student-oriented learning in institutions and encouraging them to make full use of the ICT potential in education and learning
Development of a learning platform and university life supported with digital tools that help both students and teachers and, in addition, the building of a digital learning community
Development, maintenance, and efficiency improvement of the infrastructure necessary for the paradigm shift.'
The strategy also has a number of goals regarding the development of digital infrastructure, and besides the aforementioned general goals of the Digital Welfare Programme, the need for multimedia laboratories (including digital camera, VR display and workstation for editing), and for providing digital tools for those who lack their own ones (as well as supporting the acquisition of private tools) can be mentioned among the goals for public education.
For more information, see sub-chapter 6.8 Media literacy and safe use of new media.
The Digitalisation Strategy of Public Collections (2017-2025) [Közgyűjteményi Digitalizálási Stratégia (2017-2025)] is the most important strategical document regarding digital access to culture. The Strategy is also cross-referred in the Digital Success Programme. The Strategy's vision on digitalisation is a constant operation involving the entire system of public collections, which, instead of institutional needs, focuses on
- collective needs,
- efficiency and
The Strategy aims to improve the interdependence of education and the content provided by public collections, and the Strategy generally gives a huge emphasis on education (especially public education), to provide resources for teaching. For the year 2020, the budget (költségvetés) for realising the Strategy was HUF 670 million (about EUR 1.8 million). Target groups of the Strategy (besides the whole population) include those involved in public education and disadvantaged people.