2.8 Current debates and reforms
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Forthcoming policy developments
On 16th of September 2020, the Minister of Labour and Social Policies issued the implementing decree of the single national register of the Third Sector.
The single national register of the third sector (Runts) serves to publicize the existence of a third sector body (Ets) and some fundamental data regarding its structure and activity. It therefore has a function of transparency - also with regard to the application of tax legislation - and of legal certainty with regard to third parties who enter into relations with the ETS themselves.
Registration in the non-mandatory Runts gives the right to access the facilities provided for the third sector and gives the possibility to enter into agreements with public administrations for the carrying out of activities or social services of general interest in favour of third parties. With Runts, a process of redefinition and repositioning of third sector entities is launched.
The Youth Policies Department has recently started two trial initiatives related with the Universal Civic Service, one with the call for the “digital” civic service, aiming at the involvement of around one thousand young people all over Italy, and the call related with the “environmental” civic service. This one aiming at the preparation of young people for the challenges connected with the green revolution and the ecological transition, in order to reach the objectives of the UN Agenda for 2030, valuing the institution of the Universal Civic Service, as regulated by the legislative decree n. 40/2017, as a tool for promoting the fundamental values of the Republic.
With the environmental civic service, a series of “green” projects will be proposed by the involved parties that want to join the programme and young people can apply to do volunteering within these projects.
Another news is that related with the “sport” civic service, with whom the Minister of Youth Policies and the State Undersecretary to the Presidency of the Committee of Ministers with the sport mandate, commit to support initiatives of common interest aiming at the valorisation of the role of youth in the Universal Civic Service within projects for social sport at local level.
These initiatives belong to the framework of actions promoted for the strengthening of the Universal Civic Service as a tool for education and development of the new generations, also referring to the projects of the PNRR and of the resources intended for its implementation.
Among the most recent debates, the 13th of February 2022 it has been announced a law proposal aiming at the revisioning of the discipline of the Universal Civic Service and at the redefining and coordinating of the different governance levels of youth policies. This will be inspected by Ministers and by the Prime Minister and it’s now a draft that could be modified during that stage but also during the next steps of its parliamentary journey.
This included the institution of an “Interministerial Committee for the Younger Generations” (CIPG), with the role of ensuring the coordination and the programming of youth policies.
Moreover, it has been foreseen the institution of a “National Plan for Younger Generations” that should guarantee the right for education, the facilitation of access to jobs for young people and the valorisation of their competences and education.
It's also expected the recognition of the profession of the youth worker and the introduction of systematic tools for analysis and verification of the impact generated by public policies on younger generations.
For what concerns the Universal Civic Service, after the abrogation of the Annual Plan envisioned by the decree law nr. 152 of the 6th of November 2021 and the birth in L’Aquila of the “National Centre of the Universal Civic Service”, inserted un the last financial law, this new proposal aims at the simplification for the subscription and the administration of the Entities Register, as well as of the evaluation and approval of the programme of interventions.
The law proposal also intends to enhance the training of young voluntary operators, improving their employability by investing on the validation and certification of the professional competences acquired through formal and non-formal processes, also utilizing institutional digital platforms as databases of the professional competences, formal and non-formal and of the individual digital CV.
Following the bilateral cooperation deal in the youth field between Italy and France, signed in Paris on the 15th of February, there is the will to promote youth mobility and to strengthen the opportunity to perform civic service in foreign countries, especially European ones. The government also plans to increase and evaluating the impact of the programmes of civic service in socially vulnerable areas, through actions supporting intergenerational solidarity.
The Law Proposal after the passage with the Committee of Ministers, must pass the approval by the two chambers. After that the Government could adopt the related legislations within 12 months.