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The National Strategy for Research Development and Innovation (2014-2020) states the fact that Romania spends almost 20 times less than the European average on research and development and sets as objective for 2020 the transformation of Romania in a competitive market at the regional and global level, through innovation fed by research and development, generating wealth for citizens. For the formal education system, the Strategy is targeting education in science and technology and communication of science. For 2000-212, the ratio of science and technology graduates to total population has risen above the European average. At the same time, science does not have an adequate public presence in Romania, despite the wide popularity enjoyed by some scientific performances. Scientific literacy of the population of all ages continues to be low, a reality that is reflected especially among young people.
The strategy supports measures to attract young people to science, in formal education and beyond, through measures such as:
- Attracting talented young people to the research career by organizing competitions with prizes for innovative solutions.
- Establish a Science City in the proximity of an innovation cluster or major infrastructure.
- Organizing tours, exhibitions, open days, to promote science to the public, including and promoting the outstanding results of Romanian research.
- Promote interest in science and innovation in pre-university education by including recent findings in textbooks and electronic didactic materials by including in the curriculum some elements of education on innovation-based entrepreneurship through collaboration with technical magazines addressed to pupils and publications popularization of science.
But when it comes to policed and projects aiming to contribute to innovation in formal education, the initiatives are rather coming from the non-governmental sector. Some of the main actors promoting innovative teaching skills that would then have an immediate impact on competencies’ development of the pupils/students, are: Romanian American Foundation– running the "Innovation in Education" competition, a program developed in partnership with TechSoup Romania, which aims to create a framework for innovation in education by harnessing the power of technology and the learning and development society resources available outside the education system or Center for Educational Evaluation and Analysis that runs the programmes teaching Physics and Chemistry differently, programme that equips teachers with teaching skills that approach the curricula in a more practical way.
Fostering innovation through non formal and informal learning and youth work is only targeted through the Erasmus + granted projects implemented by nongovernmental organizations.
The suitcase, the map and the voyage of a youth worker aims to contribute to the advancement of the standards attached to the youth worker occupational profile. The online platform that has been developed within the project comes with a story that over 200 youth workers had been followed. Through the project, over 40 youth workers were certified and 30 youth organizations integrated the outcomes to their current working practices.
Organizational Development of Youth Organizations offered the youth organizations an exceptional self-evaluation tool. At the end of the exercise, the subjects are offered specific instruments that serve to their development – e.i. the development of the financial and operational practices, the development of their human resources. The instruments could be easily adapted to NGOs from other sectors as well as to the educational institutions interested to develop their working practices.