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YouthWiki

EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Slovakia

Slovakia

Glossary

Accreditation of an educational facilityis a state approval of an educational facility’s competency to realise a specialised activity within the area of youth work.

Career guidance and counselling is covered mainly by two sectors – educational sector and sector of employment services. Services organised under the responsibility of ministries and/or regional governments are available to various groups of citizens and are free of charge. Services are provided both for individuals who have not yet entered the labour market and also job seekers who are looking for work, as well as for those who are currently employed (SAIAC, 2014) 

Hobby education (in state educational system) iseducation taking place in schools and schools facilities (mainly in Leisure time centres/youth clubs). Providers of hobby education organize activities for pupils outside the classrooms whose content is focused on the hobbies, recreational, physical and social activities of pupils. Content of activities is different from the curriculum of compulsory school subjects. Hobby education is provided at least 60 hours in the school year.

Houses at the halfway provides social service for a certain period of time to a person in an unfavorable social situation who does not have secure accommodation after termination of social service provision in another facility, after termination of the substitute care or after the end of the protective education. 

Leisure Time Centre (Youth Club) is a facility in the educational system where children and young people up to the age of 30 can participate in hobby education, community youth work or any other activities based on needs and expectations of young people.

Material need is a situation where the income of a household member does not reach the statutory life minimum and the members of the household are not employed or cannot work etc. Elementary life conditions is one hot meal a day, the necessary dressing and shelter.

Non-formal education in the field of youth work is the further education of young people, young leaders, youth leaders and youth workers organized by educational entities in order to acquire new knowledge, practical experience and skills necessary for working with youth, enabling its participants to complement, expand and deepen their education.

Non-formal youth group is the free alliance of minimum 3 young people (at least one is 18 years old) who prepare and implement own activities and initiatives. In Slovakia, non-formal youth groups can obtain financial support for their activities (Youth Work Support Act). 

Special educational need is the requirement to modify the conditions, content, forms, methods and approaches in education and training for the child or pupil that arise from his or her health disadvantage or talent or its growth in a socially disadvantaged environment. These adjustments are necessary to develop the abilities or personality of a child or pupil and to achieve an adequate level of education and adequate inclusion in society,

Pupil with special educational needsisan individual who has diagnosed special educational needs. These needs are diagnosed by institution for educational counselling and prevention.

Social inclusion of young people is a process ensuring that socially excluded persons or those at risk of social exclusion have been offered opportunities and possibilities helping them to fully participate in economic, social and cultural life of a society and live their everyday lives in a way, which is considered a routine. With regard to youth, this process may be understood also as a complex system of interventions leading to creation of opportunities for young people with fewer opportunities (Youth Report 2014).

Youth initiative is a project where young people participate actively and directly in activities of their own design. The project is initiated, created and implemented by young people themselves.

Youth Information Centres areNGOs providing information for young people through various channels. They serve as the first point of contact for their questions. The umbrella organisation of youth information centres is ZIPCEM. They are supported by the financial scheme of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport.