1.6 Evidence-based youth policy
On this page
On this page
The Youth Institute (INJUVE) has the purpose of carrying out the “analysis and research of youth reality”. In this respect, the Youth Observatory (Observatorio de la Juventud) expects to be a technical body of analysis and assessment of the situation of youth in our country and of support for the design of initiatives, youth programmes and policies. The main purposes of the Observatory are:
- To serve as a participation channel for youth living in Spain, by means of expressing their opinions on those aspects that may have an impact upon their lives.
- To study youth reality, as well as the transformations in youth population.
- To contribute to the guidance and updating of the youth policies, as well as of actions taken by public administrations and society, addressed to youth.
- To analyse the image of youth in the media and to propose measures in order to improve it.
In order to achieve these goals, the Observatory of Youth carries out the following activities:
- Statistics on youth
- Opinion polls
- Studies and research
- Youth Studies Journals
- Documentary records and Youth Library
The Youth Institute has been developing, for the last few years, a series of opinion polls, on a quarterly basis, with the purpose of gathering updated data on the opinion and situation of youth, concerning the different aspects which have an impact on their life. These Polls are a fast and extensive complement of the Youth in Spain Report and of the in-depth studies about group subjects. The INJUVE technical services deal with the questionnaire design, the statistical results, the data analysis and the making of a basic report of each poll, broadcasted through its website both in Spanish and in English.
Concerning the studies and research carried out by the INJUVE, analysing youth reality is their main goal, with the purpose of contributing to a greater knowledge applied to issues and phenomena which may have an impact on youth population and putting them at the disposal of educators, professionals, youth associations, media and politicians with responsibilities working in this field. Likewise, it is expected that they work as a basic diagnose for the starting up or updating of action programmes addressed to youth.
Both the opinion polls and the studies and research are divided into the following areas:
- Demography and general information
- Values, attitudes and participation
- Family, partnership and gender equality
- Training, employment and housing
- Economy, consumption and life styles
- Health and sexuality
- Leisure and free time
The so called Youth in Spain Report (Informe Juventud en España) elaborated every four years is specially worth mentioning amongst the studies.
The Youth Studies Journal (Revista de Estudios de Juventud) of INJUVE is a very useful publication in order to get to know the problems and worries of youth, to think about them and, above all, to try to find solutions. This publication has been issued ever since 1979 and deals, as a monographic, with subjects of interest related to life, habits and needs of youth. It is published in paper and ever since no. 57 also in full text digital format, broadcasted through the INJUVE website.
Issues dealt with in the journal are, amongst other, participation, immigration, Europe and youth, urban cults, youth sexuality or violence. The journal areas of study are divided into the abovementioned following fields.
The documentary records and the Youth Library (Biblioteca de la Juventud). Documentary works carried out can be split into the following fields:
- Creation and maintenance of documentary records.
- Circulation of documentary products.
- Documental attention.
- Library management.
The programme of the Observatory of Youth is developed in collaboration with researchers, universities, companies and specialised entities, both public and private.
The Young Researchers Award (Certamen de Jóvenes Investigadores), organised by the Youth Institute and the University Policy Office from the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (Ministerio de Educación y Formación Profesional), encourages, research amongst youth of ages between 15 and 20 through the awarding of prizes related to works carried out on basic or applied research, or prototypes linked to any of the fields of the Secondary Education, A Levels and Vocational Training curriculum.
In its 29th edition, it relies on the collaboration from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, the Universidad de Málaga, the Spanish Royal Socity of Physics (Real Sociedad Española de Física), the Computer Scientific Society of Spain (Sociedad Científica Informática de España) and the ONCE Foundation (Fundación ONCE).
The awards include, amongst others, a Special Prize of the Young Researchers Conference of 5,000 €, eight first prizes of 4,000 € each, 10 second prizes of 3,000 € each, 9 third prizes of 2,000 € each and ten secondary awards of 1,000 € each.
The Observatory of Youth maintains a statistical database with the purpose of knowing the situation and evolution of youth population at all times. In order to do so, the following publications are issued:
- Youth in numbers (Juventud en Cifras). Ongoing updating of a statistical compendium on youth population, in a national and regional level. It systematically collects statistical and polls information on youth, in order to get a view as complete and quick as possible on the features of this age group. Research, selection and creation of the basic indicators on youth which make part of these bulletins are the main tasks developed: population, family background, personal relationships, economy, occupations, health, leisure and free time, values and attitudes.
- Youth in the Labour Force Survey. By means of the micro-data obtained from the National Statistical Office, results tables for the age group from 16 to 24 years of age and for 25 to 29 years of age can be drawn up. Information for each of the Regions and Autonomous Cities is also offered. Bulletin “Youth in Labour Force Survey” (Jóvenes en la Encuesta de Población Activa), is an example of the former, carried out by the INJUVE. Is a quarterly record at a national level.
- Bulletin “Youth and Unemployment” (Boletín Jóvenes y Paro Registrado). Data offered on a monthly basis by the National Institute of Employment, under the Ministry of Labour and Social Economy (Ministerio de Trabajo y Economía Social). 24 bulletins are released (two a month) on youth figures with data offered by the State Employment Public Service (Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal).
Other data source, obtained from national databases, mainly from the National Statistical Office:
- Population figures and Demographic Censuses (recorded every ten years at a national level)
- Municipal Register (annual record at a municipal level)
- Population projections (annual record at a national level)
- Marital status, Active Population Survey (quarterly record at a national level)
- Demographic phenomena(annual record at a national level)
- Education in the Labour Force Survey (quarterly record at a national level)
- Education Statistics from the Ministry of Education (annual record at a national level)
- Survey on Adult Population Involvement in Learning Activities (recorded every five years at national level)
- National Health Service (recorded every four years at a national level)
- Demographic phenomena (annual record at a national level)
- Death statistics (annual record at a national level)
- Hospital Morbidity Survey (annual record at a national level)
- National Registry of HIV (Registro Nacional de casos de VIH/SIDA) Ministry of Health (annual record at a national level)
- National Drugs Plan (Plan Nacional sobre Drogas). Household Survey on Drug Abuse in Spain (EDADES). Ministry of Health (recorded every two years at a national level)
- Traffic accident yearbook (Anuario de accidentes de la Dirección General de Tráfico) (annual record at a national level)
- Voluntary interruptions of pregnancy (Interrupciones voluntarias del embarazo. Ministry of Health (annual record at a national level)
- Example of statistics in the Autonomous Regions
The scientific research funding programme “National Programme for Research Aimed at the Challenges of Society of the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities” (Retos de I+D+i, del Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades), encourages positive aspects regarding youth and evidence-based policy making as it is aimed to offer scientific knowledge to solve the future challenges of the Spanish society, described briefly in the title of the program and in the section Challenges and Social Innovations.