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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Spain

Spain

7. Health and Well-Being

7.8 Current debates and reforms

Throughout the chapter, different strategies and plans developed by the Spanish Government have been mentioned in relation to the education, health, welfare and physical activity of young Spaniards. There are discrepancies between the different actors and sectors involved in how these measures have been developed, their role in practice and their results. A recent example is the 6-days-strike called between April and May 2018 by the school teachers with the support of the students and families of the Community of Madrid around the external evaluations after the baccalaureate (so-called reválidas) imposed by the Organic Law for the Improvement of the Educational Quality, which finally did not take place.

Debates around the LOMCE and the education system:

Organic Law 8/2013 for the Improvement of the Educational Quality (LOMCE) has an influence on the role of Physical Education in schools, as well as in Health and Sexual Education. With regard to these subjects, the current debates question the Law for not establishing a normative framework that grants these subjects greater presence in the curricula of Spanish schools, as well as a greater presence of the national government when implementing them in the educational plans. These subjects lose a fundamental role in education as they are not addressed explicitly, and professionals propose reforms to improve the quality of their teaching.

As a result of those debates, the Ley de Modificación de la LOE (LOMLOE), approved on November 2020 as the new Educational Law at a national level in Spain, has introduced new subjects in schools and high schools that will try to educate and help youth in matters such as civil rights, history of democracy and sexual-affective education.

As a reform of the education system in general, there is a Project for Quality Physical Education in Spain (Proyecto para una Educación Física de calidad en España) developed by the College of Professionals in Physical Education and Sports (Colegio de Profesionales de la Educación Física y del Deporte), where law reforms are proposed. The interest behind this proposed proyect is to further improve the quality of physical education, giving the Ministries involved a better output of their policies through this plan.

Also, on Education for Health and Sexual Education there are also proposals for reforms. Some perspectives of the debates and the positions of different associations, foundations of Sexology (fundaciones de Sexología), and Health Education are available. The Sexpol foundation, for example, in this topic advocates for the introduction of sexual education in primary and secondary education.

Towards a national Plan for the prevention of suicide:

There is a position among the associations of professionals of the Mental Health world who demand for the creation of a national Plan in Spain to prevent suicide. This position is supported by some political representatives, of the political party Union of Navarrese People (UPN), who have submitted a non-law proposition presented in 2017 (Proposición No de Ley presentada en el 2017), by which the National Commission of Health and Social Services of the Congress of Deputies urges the Government of Spain to "develop, in the Six-month term, a National Suicide Prevention Plan.

Parliamentary interventions:

At a political parliamentary level in the Congress of Deputies of Spain the Confederal Parliamentary Group of Unidos Podemos-En Comú Podem-En Marea made a Proposition Not of Law formalizing the demands about Health and Well-being of the Santander Manifest (Manifiesto de Santander) agreed in the IV State Encounter of Child and Adolescent Participation Councils. Also the Mixed Commission for the Study of the Problem of Drugs asked Mr. Raimundo Parreño Martínez, Social Welfare Tecnician of the Municipality of Portugalete, to inform about the study report "Minors Without Alcohol" (Menores Sin Alcohol).