Although in the past, Turkey faced challenges in development and realisation of social inclusion policies, today there is the National Youth and Sports Policy Document (Ulusal Gençlik ve Spor Politikası Belgesi) that is approved by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers based on the Decree Law no. 638 and put into practice as to form a legal framework to the works on this field.
This document is in the nature of guidance for participation of the youth in any area of economic and social life, and marks the borders of the motions “disadvantaged individuals” and “social exclusion” of main policy field “Disadvantaged Youth and Social Inclusion” of the document’s main policy fields. As expressed in the document, involvement in a crime, disability, unemployment, deficiency in income level in the economic sense, drug addiction, not being able to enjoy education opportunities, living out in the streets, being abused, living with problem families, anti-sociality and other nonconformity states are defined as being disadvantaged individual. Youth Policies for disadvantaged youth are initiated to be developed in this framework.
By the Ministry of Youth and Sports, targets and partners are determined within the framework of policies ascertained with the youth, non-governmental organisations working in the field of youth, universities, local administrations, public institutions and organisations acting in the field of youth, various programs, projects and activities are organised to reach to these targets and non-governmental organisations and youth groups working in the field of youth are supported through various grant programs.
The Social Support Program (SODES-Sosyal Destek Programı) started to be implemented in 2008 by the Ministry of Development is a social development program aimed to meet, as soon as possible, the needs arising from problems like immigration, poverty and unemployment and changing social structure in the disadvantaged regions in order to strengthen human capital and support social integration process of these regions. SODES is a human-centric and project-based program that is formed of projects prepared and applied locally in the fields of employment, social integration, culture, art and sports, carried out under the coordination of governorships in the provinces, and with widely authorised local actors during the implementation.