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Turkey

Turkey

4. Social Inclusion

4.4 Inclusive programmes for young people

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  1. Programmes specific for vulnerable young people
  2. Funding
  3. Quality assurance

Programmes specific for vulnerable young people

There are programmes carried out by the Ministry of Youth and Sports, Ministry of Family and Social Policies and Social Security Institution for vulnerable young people.

Ministry of Labour and Social Security carries out grant programmes for the social integration and employment of disadvantaged individuals and groups with the purpose of fighting social exclusion with the financial support from European Union. In that framework, grant opportunities are provided to groups which are sensitive or subjected to social exclusion such as individuals under the risk of poverty, disabled individuals, gypsies, compulsory immigration victims or old convicts. Non-profit organisations and institutions in 81 provinces of Turkey such as NGO’s, education institutions, local administrations and professional organisations operating in the related area can benefit from the opportunities provided within the scope of the grant programme “Improving the Social Integration and Employability of Disadvantaged People”.

In addition, Turkish Employment Agency (İŞKUR) carries out projects to increase the employability of the young people, women, disabled people, old convicts, long term unemployed people and unemployed people covered by the unemployment insurance who are affected from unemployment the most and therefore considered as the most disadvantageous groups in the labour market by means of training them in occupations required in the labour market through labour training courses.

Supporting Social Inclusion through Sports Education” Project, in which the Ministry of Youth and Sports is the beneficiary, was carried out in Batman, Şanlıurfa and Diyarbakır between September 2013 and September 2015 within the scope of the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) of the European Union. With the project, targets have been achieved in relation to improving the future opportunities and life standards of the young people in South-Eastern Anatolia Region, using sports to increase social inclusion in the disadvantaged parts of Turkey, contributing in physical and mental development of young people and children, building confidence in young people through sports and sportive activities and helping young people to acquire social values.

Within the scope of social inclusion, the Ministry of National Education (MEB) carries out the Improving Occupational Skills Project (MESGEP) which is included in the 2011-2013 investment programme for the groups which require special policy. The aim of the project is to provide occupations to young unemployed people without an occupation, groups which require special policy in general and people who want to change their occupation considering their interests and abilities and to increase the quality standards of the administrators and educators at the Occupational and Technical Education institutions.

Within the scope of Social Inclusion and Social Integration Financial Support Programme 2010 which was carried out by İstanbul Development Agency in July 2011 – December 2012, 13 projects have been implemented with the purpose of contributing in social development by ensuring the participation of disadvantaged groups who are subjected to social exclusion in economic and social life and their integration with the society. Among the target audience of these projects are disabled people, women, unemployed young people, young people who are inclined to substance abuse and gypsies. In relation to social inclusion of these groups, activities have been carried out such as providing occupational training to increase their employability, providing environment for protection against violence, rehabilitating the disabled persons and organising events for raising awareness in relation to substance abuse.

Social Support Programme (SODES), which was introduced in 2008, is a social development programme which aims to meet the requirements caused by the immigration, poverty and unemployment in the area and changing social structure with the purpose of strengthening human capital of the disadvantaged parts of Turkey and contributing in social integration process. Mobilising the local dynamics in the cities where it is implemented, the programme supports the projects in the fields of employment, social inclusion, culture, arts and sports with the purpose of eliminating social problems caused by poverty, immigration and urbanisation, meeting the requirements caused by the changing social structure, strengthening social solidarity and integration and ensuring more active participation of disadvantaged groups of the society in economic and social life.

Social Inclusion Project Support Programme was carried out within the framework of 2013 Youth Projects Support Programme which was carried out by the Ministry of Youth and Sports. In that respect, “social inclusion” projects of universities were supported by the Ministry of Youth and Sports. The Social Inclusion Programme aims to increase the participation and adaptation of the young people, who are disadvantaged due to social, economic and physical barriers, medical problems, geographical factors and education needs, in all areas of social life; support the social adaptation of young people who are excluded from social life and make them an organic part of the social structure; use social, cultural and economic differences as a connective means; encourage voluntary work and increase volunteering consciousness.

Funding

Public organisations and institutions as well as Municipalities which carry out Social Inclusion programmes or provide grants in that respect are funded by an allowance allocated from the General Budget. In addition, there are numerous projects funded by EU under the title of social inclusion and combatting social exclusion.

Quality assurance

Ministry of Youth and Sports, Ministry of Labour and Social Security, Ministry of Family and Social Policies, Ministry of National Education, Ministry of Development and Ministry of EU Affairs are the leading public organisations which carry out social inclusion programmes and support social inclusion projects. These organisations implement impact evaluation analyses and check the quality of programme outcomes at the end of their programmes and as a result of project support or grant programmes. Within the framework of feedback received from these impact analyses, new programmes and support programmes are prepared and thus a continuous increase is achieved in the quality of the programmes.

The success of the project is measured by checking the indicators, which are determined in the project fiche for the social inclusion projects supported within the framework of EU Pre-accession Assistances, at the end of specified terms. Other than these, external evaluation and monitoring opportunities are used for these projects.