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In addition to the specific initiatives listed in the article ‘Scope and contents’, the seven outcomes of youth work are listed in theYouth Work Outcomes online toolkit as:
· Outcome 1: Young people are confident, resilient and optimistic for the future
· Outcome 2: Young people manage personal, social and formal relationships
· Outcome 3: Young people create, describe and apply their learning and skills
· Outcome 4: Young people participate safely and effectively in groups
· Outcome 5: Young people consider risk, make reasoned decisions and take control
· Outcome 6: Young people express their voice and demonstrate social commitment
· Outcome 7: Young people broaden their perspectives through new experiences and thinking
Youth work can take place in various settings such as community venues, uniformed groups, schools, youth cafés and on the street.
It can be achieved through numerous approaches such as outdoor pursuits, drama workshops, health initiatives, peer education and single issue and single gender work to engage with young people.
Education Scotland, the national improvement agency for learning and teaching, and one of the main bodies charged with implementing the National Youth Work Strategy 2014-19, receives a specific allocation through the Scottish budgetary process. This was £23m in the 2019/20 budget, and is £26.2m in the 2020/21 budget, but this figure covers its work in all areas of learning, not just youth work.
CashBack for Communities
Many initiatives and programmes for youth work can apply for funds fromCashBack for Communities. It is the Scottish Government's vehicle for reinvesting the proceeds of crime back into communities to benefit Scotland's young people. A number of funds are available:
● CashBack for Communities Phase 4 Fund: The CashBack for Communities Programme funds partner organisations to deliver, monitor and report on initiatives across all 32 Local Authority Areas in Scotland.
● CashBack for Communities Facilities Fund: This fund will support not-for-profit community based organisations working with young people within the sports and outdoor learning sectors to apply for funding of up to £150,000 towards improvements to facilities and/or equipment in order to offer high quality sport and physical activities which support the health and wellbeing of young people in areas where there is identified need.
● Youth Work Fund: This focuses on youth work activity and provides grants of up to £10,000.
● CashBack for Creativity Open Arts Fund: This focuses on youth work sector and/or those working with young people to support the delivery of free arts activities
● Small Grants Scheme: This provides funding of up to £2,000 to grassroots groups and units from Youth Scotland, Clubs for Young People Scotland, Girlguiding Scotland, Scouts’ Association, Girls’ Brigade Scotland and The Boys’ Brigade.
● Prince's Trust Development Awards: These are small grants made to individuals to help to cover costs such as: course fees, transport or equipment to help young people get into education, training or employment.
The National Performance Framework (NPF) sets out the Scottish Government’s purpose and strategic objectives. The NPF provides a structure for coordination of policy through its focus on working towards agreed outcomes. It means that the whole of the public sector is aligned and works in partnership to achieve the Government’s objectives, including in youth work.
For more information on the cross-sectoral cooperation in the youth sector generally, please see the article on 'Cross sectoral approach with other ministries'.