6. Education and Training
There is no statutory curriculum in Scotland. The curriculum framework, Curriculum for Excellence (CfE), allows local authorities who are responsible for education, to adopt their own curricular models while adhering to the tenets of CfE. The senior phase covers the final three years of secondary school (compulsory to the age of 16) and between 16 and 18 it may take place outside school. A range of options are offered in the senior phase and students have much greater freedom of subject choice than in the earlier Broad General Education (BGE) phase for ages 12-15. In the senior phase, learners are entitled to continue developing the capacities of the BGE phase to become successful learners, confident individuals, responsible citizens and effective contributors, as well as achieving qualifications.
Community Learning and Development (CLD) has an important place in the Scottish education system and is underpinned by Scottish Government regulations and guidance. CLD refers to a wide range of informal and non-formal learning, provided by different types of institutions, including: community-based adult learning, community development, youth work and volunteering. CLD aims to improve the life chances for people of all ages, but particularly young people, through learning, personal development and active citizenship and develop stronger, more resilient, supportive, influential and inclusive communities. CLD programmes are one of the options available to young people at the end of compulsory schooling (aged 16).