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LAST MODIFIED ON: 23/10/20
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Formal, non-formal and informal learning
A broad range of options is offered in upper secondary education (the senior phase of Curriculum for Excellence, which is generally aimed at students around 15-18), and their freedom of choice with regards to the subjects studied is generally much greater than in earlier years. The National Qualifications on offer at this stage of education may cover global issues; for example, climate change and sustainable development are included in the subject of geography and students studying modern studies must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of international issues.
The Awards Network is the national forum of providers of non-formal learning opportunities for young people in Scotland. In 2016, as confirmed by the Scottish Government, over 70,000 youth awards were achieved by young people in Scotland, including the Participative Democracy Certificate from YouthLink Scotland, which provides accreditation for young people involved in decision-making groups; and the John Muir Award, which encourages people of all ages to enjoy and care for the natural environment.
The following organisations also offer non-formal learning opportunities and resources for young people:
- Young Citizens,, inspire young people to take an active part in society. Young Citizens runs a number of programmes such as the Democracy Ambassadors Programme, which trains 1,000 Democracy Ambassadors aged 13-16 to promote youth participation in democratic processes. The foundation also provides teaching materials relating to citizenship education, including Migration and Brexit. It receives funding from a number of organisations, including public funding from the UK Government via the Cabinet Office, and works across the whole of the UK.
- Oxfam GB offers initiatives including Schools for Future Youth. This project receives funding from the EU and provides a number of resources related to global citizenship education and opportunities for young Oxfam ambassadors to communicate with their peers across Europe.
- The International Citizen Service supports young people aged 18-25 to gain skills and experience by undertaking a voluntary placement in another country. The organisation fosters an awareness of international or global affairs and issues in young people.
For examples of informal learning available in the areas of green production and consumption and climate change, see the article on 'Green volunteering, production and consumption'.
The UK Youth Climate Coalition (UKYCC) is a voluntary group of 18-29 year old’s that offers informal learning opportunities through campaigning to challenge the roots of social and climate injustice. The UKYCC organises campaigns and has attended UN Climate negotiations. During the general election in 2019, the UKYCC campaigned for a climate nature debate as part of the political parties’ campaigns.
Organisations such as #iwill and V inspired may also include informal learning opportunities related to global issues. Moreover, programmes run by ICS Youth Volunteering support young people to undertake volunteering projects abroad. For more information about this organisation, please see the article entitled 'Cross-border mobility programmes' in the Chapter on 'Voluntary Activities'.
There are many resources on offer to teachers and youth workers for continuous learning and development related to the promotion of global issues among young people. Note that Learning for Sustainability is embedded within the General Teaching Council’s Professional Standards for teachers in Scotland. This supports teachers to embrace and promote the principles and practices of sustainability in all aspects of their teaching.
A notable example of the resources on offer is the Global Learning Programme Scotland, managed by the International Development Education Association of Scotland. The programme offers practical support to teachers and schools to develop global citizenship across the curriculum through whole-school activities.
Additionally, Connecting Classrooms and the International School Award from the British Council provide teachers with support related to the teaching of global issues. The Connecting Classrooms programme offers teachers the chance to improve their classroom practice, so helping young people develop the skills, knowledge and values to live and work in a globalised economy.
The International School Award from the British Council formally recognises international work undertaken by schools. The award is made up of three levels which begin with the introduction of international activities the school curriculum and supports schools to establish links with schools in other countries. This encourages schools to enrich their curriculum, improve their teaching, gain recognition for their international work, and become part of a global network of educators.
A range of public and private organisations also provide resources for teachers and youth workers in the UK, which include the following examples: teaching resources from Amnesty International; climate change activities from the Science Museum; an online teaching resource promoting global issues from the United Nations Association UK; materials relating to sustainable development from the World Wildlife Fund and Oxfam; world heritage materials for young people from UNESCO; resources related to the Sustainable Development Goals from Oxfam; and resources related to global issues from Y Care International.
The Youth Climate Summit 2020 is coordinated by the charity Global Action Plan and delivered through the collaboration of a large group of individuals and organisations on 9-13 November 2020. It is supported by the #iwill campaign, the National Lottery and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Transform Our World, a resource hub for teachers, provides timetables of events for primary and secondary schools and resources for teachers here.
Youth-targeted information campaigns on global issues
Major information campaigns initiated by central government and public agencies aimed at promoting knowledge of global issues among young people include:
- The 2019 Year of Green Action, as part of DEFRA’s 25 Year Environment Plan, saw the assignment of 50 young people as environment ambassadors as part of the #iwill4nature initiative. It aimed to embed youth social action in young people’s lives and encourage them to get involved in green projects in their school.
- The 2015 Youth Summit, hosted by the Department for International Development (DFID), brought together young people from the UK and their peers from other countries to discuss global issues of shared concern. It was the second Youth summit organised by DFID and it was supported by a large-scale advocacy and information campaign involving young people.
- Eco-schools, which is managed in Scotland by Keep Scotland Beautiful, is an award programme aimed at raising awareness of environmental issues among school children. Schools enrolled on the programme follow seven steps, ensuring that the initiative is pupil-led and involves hands-on, real-life world learning. Schools cover a number of topics which are linked to the curriculum, making changes to areas such as their waste collection, energy and water usage, and then monitor and assess their actions, earning awards as they complete each stage. Registration is free and schools receive regular newsletters and bulletins on regional and national information, including funding and competitions.
Further campaigns aimed at young people have also been launched by charitable organisations in Scotland, including:
- the Food For Life Scotland Programme from the Soil Association, which works with schools and their pupils to reconnect with food and its sources, teaching them how to grow and prepare good food, including helping to organise school trips to farms for local primary school children
- the Schools Campaign Network from Unicef UK, which is free for primary and secondary schools to join, giving pupils the resources to take action by creatively raising awareness in their school community, speaking with local politicians and signing petitions related to child rights
- People and planet, which is a network of student campaigns working to defend human rights, protect the environment and alleviate world poverty; the organisation offers training, outreach and resources to groups and campaigns based at schools, colleges and universities across the UK.
See links above
See links above