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EACEA National Policies Platform



Last update: 27 October 2020

Additional support needs

Additional support needs refers to children or young people who, for whatever reason, require additional support, long or short term, in order to help them make the most of their school education. There may be a variety of reasons for such a requirement including having a motor or sensory impairment, being particularly able or talented, having experienced a bereavement, being looked after by a local authority or having a learning difficulty. The legal framework is provided by the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004 (as amended).

Community Learning and Development(CLD)

Community Learning and Development (CLD) refers to learning and activity programmes to promote the educational and social development of individuals and groups within a local authority area. It covers a variety of community-based learning and personal development activities, provided by a range of statutory and voluntary organisations, including work with young people.

Community Planning Partnerships (CPP)

Each local authority has a Community Planning Partnership (CPP) which is responsible for community planning. CPPs bring together the local council, the health, police and fire services and other public bodies and third sector organisations, to cooperate at local level in the development and delivery of a community plan for public services in the area of the local authority.

Local authority

A local authority is a statutory organisation, governed by a council and responsible for local government in its area. There are 32 local authorities with duties and powers in such areas as education, social care, economic development, housing and planning and cultural and leisure services.

Looked after child

Under the Children (Scotland) Act 1995, 'looked after children' are defined as those in the care of their local authority – sometimes referred to as a 'corporate parent'. Reasons children may become looked after, include: they face abuse or neglect at home; they have disabilities that require special care; they are unaccompanied minors seeking asylum, or who have been illegally trafficked into the UK; they have been involved in the youth justice system.

Participatory Budgeting

A budget expenditure that is determined by people. People have a direct say of how the money is spent.


Revenue Support Grant

The Revenue Support Grant is one of three constituent parts of the block grant which the Scottish Government makes to local authorities, the other two being revenue from non-domestic rates and specific grants.  The share of overall revenue funding to be received by each local authority is based on a calculation ofn relative need.

Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF)

The SCQF is designed to make the Scottish qualifications system easier to understand through demonstrating the relationships between qualifications. It uses two measures, the level of a qualification or learning programme and the number of credit points awarded. The level of a qualification indicates the level of difficulty and the number of credit points indicates the length of time it takes to complete. Further information.


Sectarianism, as defined in the April 2015 final report of the Advisory Group on Tackling Sectarianism in Scotland, is:

a mixture of perceptions, attitudes, actions, and structures that involves overlooking, excluding, discriminating against or being abusive or violent towards others on the basis of their perceived Christian denominational background. This perception is always mixed with other factors such as, but not confined to, politics, football allegiance and national identity.

Third Sector Interface

Third Sector Interfaces (TSIs) are funded by the Scottish Government to support and develop local third sector (voluntary) activity in all its forms. There are 32 TSIs each operating within a specific local authority area and take different organisational forms. Some are single agencies and some are partnerships.


Underemployment may refer to situations where people are working fewer hours than they would like. It may also refer to cases where people are working below the level of education or skills that they have.