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EACEA National Policies Platform


3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

3.11 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 26 January 2021

LAST MODIFIED ON: 03/01/2019 - 21:11

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All-Age Employability Programme


The all-age employability programme that encompassed the old traineeship programme in 2018 aims to upskill workers, respond to gaps in skills and prepare for a shift in the world of work in terms of automation, but also the UK’s exit from the EU. Two regional Personal Learning Account pilots will commence in September 2019 to support employed adults earning under the Welsh Median income, to gain higher level skills, switch career or progress to a higher level.  As well as this, ‘Working Wales’ delivered by Careers Wales has been established in 2019 as a single point of contact for free advice and resources on careers. 


In a 2019 written statement, the Welsh government outline their plans to extend various employability programme such as ReAct, Job Growth Wales and the Employability Skills Programme. The Youth Engagement and Progression Framework (YEPF) is also earmarked for future plans. 

Curriculum for Wales 


Developing young people with an enterprising mindset will be one of four main purposes of the new Welsh curriculum which will be available for use from September 2020 onwards and be rolled out to different year groups between 2022 and 2026. It will also recognise the need for enterprising, creative contributors, ready to play a full part in life and work who:

  • connect and apply their knowledge and skills to create ideas and products
  • think creatively to reframe and solve problems
  • identify and grasp opportunities
  • take measured risks
  • lead and play different roles in teams effectively and responsibly
  • express ideas and emotions through different media
  • give of their energy and skills so that other people will benefit



Since the onset of the global pandemic, there has been much discussion of youth unemployment and the ‘lost generation’. A Senedd briefing on the issue states: 


The Welsh Government has acknowledged that “young people in particular may carry the burden of dealing with coronavirus with them through their working lives


And that 


Young people have been the most likely to be furloughed under the UK Government’s Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. Across the UK, 47% of jobs filled by workers aged 24 and under were furloughed for at least some of the time between 1 March and 30 June 2020, compared to 32% of all jobs

The Government has responded in several ways discussed throughout this chapter. An inquiry into COVID-19 recovery is ongoing, with initial findings and results including youth unemployment and skills available here.