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LAST MODIFIED ON: 13/11/2020
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Governance of youth employment
There are no specific arrangements for the governance of youth employment. Conditions are set by general employment legislation and the health of the labour market. However, specific programmes for young people do exist.
Welfare policies are not devolved and remain the responsibility of the UK Government. Whilst employment, education and skills are devolved areas, there is an expectation that the relevant departments, agencies and organisations across the UK will work together.
Welsh Government departments
The Welsh Government department responsible for setting national policies related to youth employment and entrepreneurship is the Education and Public Services Group (EPS) and Skills Higher Education and Lifelong Learning (SHELL) Directorate. There is a Cabinet Secretary for Education, a Minister for Lifelong Learning and Welsh Language and a Minister for Skills and Science whose responsibilities include:
- apprenticeship policy and delivery
- youth and adult employability policy and delivery, including Jobs Growth Wales, Employability Skills Programme, Traineeships and the Skills Gateway
- work based learning providers
UK Government responsibilities
The UK Government’s Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) is responsible for welfare, pensions and child maintenance policy. It administers the state pension and a range of working age, disability and ill health benefits, including those for young people.
DWP supports all those who are out-of-work, including young people, through the employment and social security network, Jobcentre Plus and the online job search tool, Universal Jobmatch. Jobcentre Plus helps the unemployed of all ages prepare for, find and stay in work by providing:
- training, guidance and work placement programmes
- work experience, volunteering and job trialling schemes
- help with starting a business (see the article on Start-up funding for entrepreneurs).
See the article on 'Integration of Young People in the Labour Market' for further information.
HM Treasury is the government's economic and finance ministry. Since its objectives include increasing employment and productivity, and ensuring strong growth and competitiveness across all regions of the UK by means of structural reforms, the Treasury makes a significant contribution to policies covered by this chapter.
There is no specific mechanism for cooperation on matters of youth employment and entrepreneurship policy. General mechanisms which may be used include Cabinet committees and sub-committees, task forces and inquiries.