7. Health and Well-Being
7.1 General context
Last update: 27 January 2021
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Main trends in the health conditions of young people
Trend data included in the Children and Young People Wellbeing Monitor for Wales 2015, shows a general improvement in young people’s health and health behaviours:
- Rates of alcohol and tobacco consumption among children have fallen significantly in recent years, as have the number of referrals of children to substance misuse treatment services which reduced by 63 per cent between 2009/10 and 2013/14.
- The proportions of young people drinking weekly have declined substantially, after peaking in the late 1990s and early 2000s. As an example, among Year 11 pupils (aged 15 to 16), 57 per cent of boys and 45 per cent of girls reported drinking weekly in 1998; the proportions fell to 14 per cent of boys and 12 per cent of girls by 2013/14.
- The rate of teenage conception also decreased substantially between 2008 (64 per 100,000) and 2013 (43 per 100,000).
- Two negative trends are that rates of hospital admissions for self-harm appear to have increased for females aged 10 to 17 over a few years up to 2014, and there has been a long-term increase in the reported rate of chlamydia, although it is possible that this is attributable to increased awareness and diagnosis rather than increased incidence.
No particular concepts identified.