9.1 General context
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LAST MODIFIED ON: 21/10/20
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Youth policies for Wales do not specifically refer to global issues such as climate change, green production and consumption, human rights, international development and the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development goals. However, the Rights of Children and Young Persons (Wales) Measure 2011 places a duty on Welsh Ministers to have due regard to the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Article 12 of the UNCRC relates to children and young people's right to participate and have a say when decisions are being taken which will affect them, and have their opinions taken into account. See the article 'Young people's participation in policy making' in the Chapter on 'Participation' for further information.
Youth interest in global issues
The Government does not currently monitor young people's awareness of and interest in global issues. Where monitoring activities have collected data which touches on youth interest in global issues, these may not be specific to young people or to Wales.
Examples included below cover sustainable development and green patterns of production and consumption. No sources for youth interest in human rights or UN Sustainable Development Goals are available.
Data from Visions for Change (UNEP, 2011), a report based on the results of the Global Survey on Sustainable Lifestyles, presents information on young people's attitudes to and understanding of sustainable development issues. 8,000 young people aged between 18 and 29 were interviewed from 20 different countries, including the United Kingdom (UK). Main findings for the UK include:
- 52.7 per cent of young people over one quarter ranked environmental degradation among their top three concerns.
- 28.8 per cent of young people placed the issue of poverty as number one priority.
- 17.8 per cent of young people considered the issue of environmental degradation as number one priority.
- Young people from the UK were found to have higher levels of awareness and interest in sustainability and environmental concerns than those from developing countries; for example, organic, seasonal and local and fair trade products were recognised by them as emerging norms.
Green patterns of production and consumption
In 2018, the National Centre for Social Research conducted research on British social attitudes to climate change. It found younger people were overall more worried about climate change and its consequences than older people. 31% of 18-34 year olds are “very” or “extremely” worried about climate change compared with just 19% of over-65s. 35% of graduates are “very” or “extremely” worried about climate change compared with 20% among those without any educational qualifications above GCSE level.
Research carried out by Cardiff University in 2019 demonstrated that that climate change was ranked the second most important issue facing the UK – up from 13th place in 2016. This research was a result of surveys of a nationally (UK) representative sample of 1,401. 18-24 year olds consisted of 11% of this sample.
In Climate Change: Children's Challenge (UNICEF UK, 2013), UNICEF UK/Ipsos MORI polling in 2013 notes the following about children and young people in the UK, aged 11-16:
- 89 per cent were aware of climate change.
- 74 per cent were worried about how climate change will affect the future of the planet, believing that the world will have changed due to climate change by the time they are adults.
- 73 per cent wanted the Government to do more about climate change.
- 64 per cent were worried about how climate change will affect children and families in developing countries.
Currently, the UK is experiencing growing debate and concern surrounding its climate policies, stemming significantly from the youth climate movement and school strikes for climate. A survey in 2019 by ComRes found that young people in the UK aged 18-34 were significantly more likely (60%) to say they care more about climate change than Brexit, compared to over-55s (43%). Another survey by YouGov and ClientEarth in 2018 found young people aged 18-24 are more likely than older cohorts to believe that the majority of the effects of climate change in the world are happening now or will happen in the future.
In June 2019, the UK government announced a commitment to a target of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.