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EACEA National Policies Platform


10. Youth work

10.8 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 28 November 2023
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  1. Forthcoming policy developments
  2. Ongoing debates

Forthcoming policy developments

Estonia has implemented some major changes in relation to youth work and youth policy in recent years, primarily:

  • Diverse and long-term process with debates and developments of the national youth strategy for the period 2021-2035 in synergy with the national umbrella strategy „Estonia 2035“. As result, the Youth Sector Development Plan 2021-2035 (Noortevaldkonna arengukava 2021-2035) was adopted 12.08.2021.
  • Forming the state level operational institution, as of 01.08.2020 the Education and Youth Board. In 2019, the Ministry of Education and Research commissioned a study on the administrative agencies under the ministry, services offered and finding solutions to reorganize the services and functions. As there were numerous institutions implementing the same or similar policies, it was proposed that the institutions would be merged into one large joint agency, on the basis of the services of former Innove FoundationArchimedes FoundationInformation Technology Foundation for Education and Estonian Youth Work Centre.
  • New initiatives were taken in the field of recognition of non-formal learning happening in youth work in the field of education. The Ministry of Education and Reasearch initiated the project for policy reform funded through the EU Structural Reform Support Programme (SRSP). The project is called “Supporting young people to succeed – building capacities to better integrate non-formal and formal learning in Estonia”.

    The expected outcomes of the project are as following:

    • the Estonian authorities are aware of policy options to achieve better integration of non-formal and formal learning, including legislation, funding schemes and modes of governance;

    • the authorities have co-created and validated guidelines for the integration of formal and non-formal learning together with relevant stakeholders from formal and non-formal education and local governments;

    • the authorities have a plan for the effective implementation of the reform.
  • Talent support concept and action plan has been initiated.
  • Amendments to the Youth Work Act and the Hobby School Act have been started.
  • A research on the topic of future scenarios of the youth sector has been conducted.
  • In autumn, 2021, a project called "In support of youth success: the ability to integrate non-formal learning into formal education" was started in order to create a simple framework to describe the knowledge, skills, and experiences obtained from non-formal learning to adopt in formal education.

As next steps, operational programmes are to be developed as follow-up of the national youth strategy (tbc), also some further developments are under attention related to public sector priorities in Estonia, such as innovation initiatives to further develop the client-centered design of services, e-services etc.

Ongoing debates

As elaborated above, as the next steps, operational programs are to be developed as a follow-up of the national youth strategy (tbc), also some further developments are under attention related to public sector priorities in Estonia, such as innovation initiatives to further develop the client-centered design of services, e-services etc. Some interesting initiatives to increase cross-sectoral approach are in place in Estonia, e.g. stronger tides between youth and talent policy, policy research on better recognition of NFL and youth work in formal education, cooperation in the area of restorative justice with the Ministry of Justice, e-participation developments, implementation of joint programs together with different ministries to increase social inclusion, cooperation to help NEETs, co-operation to help Ukrainian refugees, etc. These initiatives led always to debate on what is the role of youth work and the level of partnership on this topic. Youth work is an equal partner and own best experience provider rather than an operational tool for others.

According to COVID19 impact on young people issues of mental health and youth workers' competencies arose. The question of qualification of youth workers is on the table and renewal of the professional standard has started to approve a new version in 2022. Approaching National Parliament elections in 2023 many organizations in the youth field discussed their expectations of politicians. So the Estonian Association of Youth Workers issued its own platform for Parliament election and claims for better involvement of young people and co-ordination of youth policy including lowering the voting age to 16 on national and European elections, bringing co-ordination of youth policy to prime-minister's office. Claim for better financing of youth work and social guaranties of youth workers. Association initiated social guarantee negotiations with local municipalities.