3. Employment & Entrepreneurship
There is no single body responsible for youth employment and entrepreneurship as the domain covers several policy areas – most importantly education, youth, labour market, economic affairs - which have established a different division of tasks between different ministries responsible for policy areas and between local and central level. The main Governmental authorities relevant to youth employment and entrepreneurship:
- the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications: responsible for developing entrepreneurship and economic affairs;
- the Ministry of Education and Research: responsible for youth policy and education policy;
- the Ministry of Social Affairs: responsible for labour market policy, but also for social protection and services including child and family policy.
See more in Chapter 3.2.
The guidance services are currently financed with the support of EU structural assistance, specifically ESF. The services in the education sector (which are more directly targeted to youth and which also include pedagogical counselling and other support for learning) have a dedicated budget 34 927 542 euros for the years 2014-2020. The services provided as the active labour market measures (where young people are one of the target groups among other population) have a dedicated budget 5 200 004 euros for the years 2015-2020. See more in Chapter 3.4. Currently, in Estonia, apprenticeship studies are less common than traditional school-based programmes. Workplace-based study-schemes are not used widely. See more in Chapter 3.5.