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EACEA National Policies Platform


1. Youth Policy Governance

1.9 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 28 November 2023

Estonia has implemented some major changes in relation to youth work and youth policy in recent years, primarily:

  • Diverse and long-term process with debates and developments of the national youth strategy for the period 2021-2035 in synergy with the national umbrella strategy „Estonia 2035“. As result, the Youth Sector Development Plan 2021-2035 (Noortevaldkonna arengukava 2021-2035) was adopted 12.08.2021.
  • Forming the state level operational institution, as of 01.08.2020 the Education and Youth Board. In 2019, the Ministry of Education and Research commissioned a study on the administrative agencies under the ministry, services offered and finding solutions to reorganize the services and functions. As there were numerous institutions implementing the same or similar policies, it was proposed that the institutions would be merged into one large joint agency, on the basis of the services of former Innove FoundationArchimedes FoundationInformation Technology Foundation for Education and Estonian Youth Work Centre.
  • New initiatives were taken in the field of recognition of non-formal learning happening in youth work in the field of education. The Ministry of Education and Reasearch initiated the project for policy reform funded through the EU Structural Reform Support Programme (SRSP). The project is called “Supporting young people to succeed – building capacities to better integrate non-formal and formal learning in Estonia”.

    The expected outcomes of the project are as following:

    • the Estonian authorities are aware of policy options to achieve better integration of non-formal and formal learning, including legislation, funding schemes and modes of governance;

    • the authorities have co-created and validated guidelines for the integration of formal and non-formal learning together with relevant stakeholders from formal and non-formal education and local governments;

    • the authorities have a plan for the effective implementation of the reform.
  • Talent support concept and action plan has been initiated.
  • Amendments to the Youth Work Act and the Hobby School Act have been started.
  • A research on the topic of future scenarios of the youth sector has been conducted.
  • In autumn, 2021, a project called "In support of youth success: the ability to integrate non-formal learning into formal education" was started in order to create a simple framework to describe the knowledge, skills, and experiences obtained from non-formal learning to adopt in formal education.

As next steps, operational programmes are to be developed as follow-up of the national youth strategy (tbc), also some further developments are under attention related to public sector priorities in Estonia, such as innovation initiatives to further develop the client-centered design of services, e-services etc.