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Institutional initiatives aimed at promoting interculturality and inclusion of young people with migrant backgrounds find in association,school and sport the areas of predominant development. For each of these areas, the most significant and recent interventions are reported.
In terms of intercultural awareness, the establishment of the National Coordination ofItalian New Generations (CoNNGI), an association founded in 2017 as part of the activities of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies., is certainly to be considered among the most important initiatives. The objective of CoNNGI is to represent all young people with a migrant background. CoNNGI is made up of about 35 associations of young people and currently involves up to 5,000 people from all over Italy.
The CoNNGI elaborates and periodically updates the Manifesto of the new Italian generations;a policy document also intended for educators and consultants that aims to contribute to the definition of policies for inclusion of young people with migrant backgrounds.
A series of initiatives promoted by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Universities and Research (MIUR) considers schools as a key-space for the promotion of intercultural dialogue and for raising awareness on multiculturalism among the students and the teaching staff. Among the most recent initiatives in this area, there are the following activities:
Peripheries at the centre:series of seminars on the challenges of multiculturalism. Aimed at educators and teachers, the seminars took place between 2017 and 2018 in Naples and Milan.
Protagonists! The new Italian generations tell each other:a series of meetings promoted between 2017 and 2019 by MIUR and the Liguria Region with the participation of CoNNGI. The meetings, targeting teachers and educators, focused on the educational challenges of multiculturalism and on the good practices adopted at national and international level.
"Bridge Builders": a series of national seminars promoted by the MIUR between 2015 and 2019. Every year, a specific issue related to multiculturalism is addressed. The 2018 meeting focused specifically on young people and the school.
Children'sTrain: Since 2012, the project has offered pedagogical and cultural activities for children living in difficult and uncomfortable conditions. In 2018, for example, primary school pupils living in neighbourhoods with a significant presence of migrants were involved in activities to discover their neighbourhood and in workshops aimed at developing ideas to rethink it. The project is promoted by The Courtyard of the Gentiles in collaboration with the MIUR and the State Railways.
Sport is a further area on which a series of initiatives for multiculturality are promoted. Since 2014, a series of initiatives have been implemented to promote the inclusion and integration of first and second generation migrant citizens through sport and to counteract forms of discrimination and intolerance. These activities are fostered through a programme agreement on Sport and Integration signed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies and CONI. Among the initiatives promoted under the programme, there are:
Drafting a Sports and Integration Manifesto containing guidelines for people working in sport. The manifesto aims to ensure equal access to sport, ban physical and verbal violence, combat discrimination and sporting unfairness;
Educational-information campaigns focused on the values of sport, fair play and integration. These campaigns target primary and secondary schools throughout the country;
Information and communication campaigns on the web and social networks, but also through traditional media as well as through the organization of local events. Targeting primarily young people, these campaigns have involved several athletes with migrant background as testimonials;
Experimentation of the "Sports and Integration" teaching module in five Italian universities. The module offers future sport teachers the tools to address the educational challenges of multicultural groups;
Institution of the award in memory of Emiliano Mondonico for coaches engaged in the social inclusion of disadvantaged young people and young people with a migrant background;
Program for the promotion of access to the sport of young people (also with migrant backgrounds) coming from families in economic hardship. In an attempt to support sports clubs, specific information materials are provided to help coaches and club managers in the management of multi-ethnic groups.
The main awareness-raising actions on the issue of young people's rights are carried out by the Children and Young people’s Ombudsman(AGIA). Established in 2011, the AGIA oversees the full implementation and protection of the rights of children and adolescents under the provisions of a set of international rules on the promotion and protection of the rights of children and adolescents.
The AGIA independently promotes projects and campaigns aimed at ensuring that children and young people know their rights and the awareness about their rights amongst adults and institutions. These projects and campaigns include the recent #DirittiInCrescrita communication campaign, aimed at spreading the fundamental principles of the UN Convention on the Rights of Children and Adolescence on the 30th anniversary of its promulgation.
In addition, the Memorandum of Understanding signed by AIGA and MIUR identifies common objectives regarding the safeguarding and dissemination of children's and young people's rights in relation to study, well-being and play. As part of this collaboration, some joint outreach initiatives have been launched targeting young people and schools. An example is represented by the National Competition "A child, a teacher, a book and a pen can change the world". Held in 2019 and proposed for students of secondary schools, the competition sought to diffuse knowledge on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Initiatives to safeguard democracy and prevent violent radicalisation
Concerning the safeguarding of democracy and the prevention of violent radicalisation, Italy has implemented a number of outreach activities aimed at combating hate speech.
Since 2013, the Department for Youth Policy and The Universal Civil Service has launched the "No Hate Italia"campaign joining the Council of Europe's No Hate Speech initiative. The campaign - which involves various ministries and departments of the Presidency of the Council in an inter-institutional table- aims to raise awareness among young people about all forms of hatred and intolerance towards the "different" carried out through the web and on the hate speech’s impact on young people.
online and offline activities on cyber-bullying, racism, and homo-trans-biphobia;
Communication campaigns against cyberbullying and hate speech(#StopHateSpeech) aimed at raising awareness among the adult population (parents, educators and teachers) about the risks these violent practices have for young people. These campaigns have been carried out by the Authority for Communications Guarantees and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers.