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The supreme goal of education development is qualitative and inclusive education for the development of personality, welfare of people and sustainable growth of the country. Sub-objectives of guidelines Sub-objectives of guidelines are set according to the problems and challenges found in the analysis of the previous programming period. Content quality, skills and management are key words within the framework of the common development of the European national economy, which emphasises growth, welfare and skills. In the context of the EU common strategic planning framework for 2014-2020 for the education policy, criteria of fulfilment of certain ex-ante conditionalities are set in four thematic areas: early school leaving, higher education, lifelong learning and vocational education. A detailed analysis of these areas is provided in annex to the guidelines.
Priority 2 of the Cultural Policy Guidelines “Creative Latvia” for 2014 – 2020 (approved by Decree No 401 of the Cabinet of Ministers on 29.07.2014) sets several tasks, namely, to ensure diverse offer of cultural education in cultural institutions, to create a support system for discovering and supporting talents, to involve cultural educational institutions in the process of choosing career for youth and to ensure an offer of internationally competitive higher education.
There are 12 professional secondary cultural education institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Culture – professional secondary schools of art, music and choreography and 4,592 pupils studied in music, art, design and dance programmes of professional secondary education in school year 2016/2017. 147 municipal educational institutions and 5 educational institutions established by legal entities, which implemented accredited professional cultural education programmes, were operating in Latvia at the end of 2016. There are two vocational secondary educational institutions established by municipalities and supervised by the Ministry Culture. 25,959 students mastered professional education programmes in music, art, design and dance in these educational institutions in 2016/2017, of which 23,880 or 92% of the total number of students mastering music, art and dance education programmes were funded by the state.
There are three higher cultural education institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Culture – Latvian Academy of Culture, Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music and the Latvian Academy of Art, which offer programms in music and performing arts, visual plastic art, audiovisual and media art, cultural heritage, design and creative industries.
The Ministry of Culture oversees library, museum, cinema, theatre and other cultural sectors, which are involved in the education process and work with the youth target audience.
The National Film Centre of Latvia in collaboration with the National Centre for Education have developed a project “Films in school”, which aims to promote accessibility and knowledge of Latvian films through a comprehensive academic learning process. The program provides teachers with suggested teaching methods, a textbook (112 pages), as well as the opportunity to access Latvian films through an online platform at www.filmas.lv.
Both education professionals and film critics have worked together to produce material that consists of compiled lesson plans, worksheets that teachers can use during class time, as well as more in-depth descriptions of the films or film excerpts that are recommended to be used in the teaching process. Lesson plans are designed for grades 1-3, 4-6, 7-9 and 10-12.
The films and lesson plans are intended to be utilized across a wide variety of disciplines, such as social science, Latvian history, Latvian and world history, politics and law, cultural studies, visual art. The goal is to help teachers choose a Latvian film, or a specific scene, that can help illustrate and shed light on a certain academic topic. The sample lesson plans are only of recommendations.
The films that can be utilized throughout the learning process can be found online at www.filmas.lv. Through the same website one can download the lesson plans (PDF format). The sample lesson plans can also be found in the printed publication “Films in schools”.
An interactive website of Latvian Culture Canon was created by the National Library of Latvia and launched in autumn 2017. The main task of the project is to popularise and embody the Latvian cultural canon in the process of formal and non-formal education, including creating its digital version for the children and youth audience. The National Library of Latvia will continue implementing measures related to the Latvian cultural canon focusing on the youth audience, including creative workshops for children, in Riga and Latvian regions. In 2018 the website on Latvian Culture Canon in English will make it fully accessible and easy to use for foreign users. The content of the website is beign continuously developed by adding new information and content on separate Cultural Canon artefacts and thus making it a reliable and valuable research for learning about outstanding values of Latvian culture. Furthermore, the Latvian Academy of Culture is organising Latvian canon contests for secondary school students in all Latvian regions.
The Creative Partnership Programme (RaPaPro) is the programme initiated in 2014 and funded by the Ministry of Culture for the establishment of new partnerships in professional cultural educational institutions (art, design, music and dance secondary schools), involving in the cooperation teachers, students, representatives of local governments, businessmen, social groups and other representatives of the local community.