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Croatia

Croatia

6. Education and Training

6.2 Administration and governance

Governance

Main actors

Governing bodies

Croatian educational system at all levels is centrally governed from the Ministry of Science and Education (MSE) and the related national agencies:

  • Education and Teacher Training Agency (Agencija za odgoj i obrazovanje) performs professional and advisory services in education and care, participating in monitoring, advancement, and development of education and care for the sectors of primary and secondary education.
  • Agency for Vocational Education and Training is tasked with planning, developing, organising, implementing, monitoring and advancing the system of vocational education and training.
  • Agency for mobility and EU programmes implements and promotes the European Union programmes as well as other international programmes in the area of science, education, training, and youth.
  • Agency for Science and Higher Education performs a part of the procedure of initial accreditation, procedures of reaccreditation, thematic evaluation and audit, collects and processes data on Croatian higher education, science and related systems.
  • National Centre for External Evaluation of Education (Nacionalni centar za vanjsko vrednovanje obrazovanja) is a public institution for external evaluation in the Croatian education and training system and implement and implementation of exams based on national standards.
  • The Agency for Electronic Media is an independent regulatory body that promotes public interest and media pluralism, justifies public trust through professional and transparent activities, encourages media literacy, creates conditions for the production of quality Croatian audio-visual content and ensures equal conditions for media development and media freedom.

Ministry and the agencies legally proscribe and accredit educational programs provided by educational institutions at all levels.

Consulting bodies

  • The National Council for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development (Nacionalno vijeće za znanost, visoko obrazovanje i tehnološki razvoj) is an expert and advisory body of the Croatian Parliament responsible for the development and quality of higher education in the Republic of Croatia.
  • The Rectors’ Conference (Rektorski zbor) includes all public university rectors and decides on issues of common interest for the development of universities.
  • The Council of Polytechnics and Schools of Professional Higher Education (Vijeće veleučilišta i visokih škola) consists of the deans of all polytechnics and schools of professional higher education.
  • Advisory Board for Youth of Government of the Republic of Croatia (Savjet za mlade Vlade Republike Hrvatske) is an interdepartmental advisory body of the Government of Croatia purposed to participate in developing youth public policies. It monitors the work of ministries and other state administration bodies in the implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of youth policies.

Other public actors

  • Croatian Employment Service (Hrvatski zavod za zapošljavanje) under which function the Lifelong Career Guidance Centres (Centar za informiranje i savjetovanje o karijeri), provide information on the possibility of further education and training.
  • The Croatian Pension Insurance Institute is a public institution established on the basis of the Pension Insurance Act which at the same time designated the commencement of the pension system reform aimed to providing for the mandatory pension insurance (PAYG) entitlements to the employees, farmers, craftsmen and others.
  • The Central Registry of Affiliates (REGOS) is an institution established by the Government of the Republic of Croatia primarily as a public service to its citizens. Regos is focused on keeping and maintaining the register of contributions for mandatory pension insurance by insured persons, on selecting and modifying the mandatory pension fund, keeping records of paid contributions, and collecting and controlling data by insured persons for mandatory pension insurance.

Representative bodies (young people)

Croatian Students’ Council is students’ representative body established by the Act on Student Council and Other Student Organizations (Zakon o studentskom zboru i drugim studentskim organizacijama, NN 71/07). It is an umbrella organisation of all Croatian students aiming to promote their rights and interests.

Students' Council of Polytechnics and Schools of Professional Higher Education (Vijeće studenata veleučilišta i visokih škola) is coordinating body composed of students' reppresentatives of Polytechnics and Schools of Professional Higher Education, which promotes their rights and interests.

Croatian Youth Network is an alliance of youth-led and for-youth organizations empowering young people to actively and responsibly participate in society, and contributing to the development of quality youth and civil society policies. It is committed to collaborating with government bodies, educational and scientific institutions, civil society participants, and the media.

 

Representative bodies (trade unions and associations)

Some of the trade unions related to the education system are:

Croatian Employers' Association protects and promotes employers' rights and interests.

General distribution of responsabilities

The Ministry of Science and Education administers the salaries of teaching staff - which is the major share of the total budget for education - for all levels of education, except for the lowest level (ECEC) which is provided and administered by the local governments.

At the level of middle schools (upper secondary), regional governments and institutions share the responsibility for appointing the school heads and individual staff members.

For more details about the governance of the education and training system please visit Eurydice.

 

 

Cross-sectorial cooperation is performed by cooperation of different ministries and other sector participants, as described in section “Main actors”. Public and non-public actors usually cooperate in working groups with specific tasks, such as drafting laws, strategies, curriculums and similar.

One of the biggest cross-sectoral cooperation was related to the Comprehensive Curriculum Reform called “School for life”. The Ministry of Science and Education made a Decision in April 2018 (Odluka o imenovanju ekspertne radne skupine) by which it has established an Expert Working Group composed from experts and governmental and students’ representatives. The Expert Working Group chose working groups’ members for specific curriculums while Education and Teacher Training Agency chose their coordinators.

The Government of the Republic of Croatia established National Coordinating Body and National Operating Body in 2012 for the Strategy of Education, Science and Technology. The Ministry of Science and Education[1] named coordinators for the strategy and it established numerous thematic working groups which gathered experts from different public stakeholders.

 

[1] Former Ministry of Science, Education and Sports