Youth Policy in Belgium (French Community)
Youth policy is a competence of the (three) Communities in Belgium which are federate entities in Belgium related to the language spoken on different parts of the territory.
Youth policies are multiple and are not coordinated. For example, there isn’t one univocal definition of youth in the French-speaking Community, as in Belgium. For example, policies defined at the Community level do not always target the same audience: the Youth Organizations (“organisations de jeunesse”) concern young people below 30 years old, the Afterschool classes (“écoles de devoirs”) are dedicated for children aged between 6 and 18 years old (15 years old to obtain grants), etc.
At the Community level, we have to mention at least five other important competencies concerning young people that are embodied by other ministers: Childhood, Education, superior Education, Youth Welfare and Children’s rights. Moreover, other levels of power are concerned with youth issues. At the regional level, we can especially mention departments such as employment, mobility, sport, etc.
The Youth Department is responsible for implementing the youth non formal education policy of the French-speaking Community. The main purpose is to stimulate young people’s active and collective participation by the learning of a responsible, active, critical and united citizenship.
Data are for Belgium as a whole, and might not represent the demographic situation in the Belgian French Community.
Ratio (%) of young people in the total population (2017): Eurostat, yth_demo_020 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].
Absolute number of young people on 1 January for the age group 15-29 (2017): Eurostat, yth_demo_010 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].
Ratio (%) of men and women in the youth population (2017): Eurostat, yth_demo_020 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].
Young immigrants from non-EU countries (2016): Eurostat, yth_demo_070 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].