From the democratic transition of Hungary in 1989 to 2010 there was no top-level youth strategy that overarched alternating governmental cycles. This tendency of discontinuity was broken with the adoption of the National Youth Strategy, which was passed by the Hungarian Parliament under resolution 88/2009. (X. 29.). The completion of the strategy received strong support from the government, and it was also built on a wide consensus between NGOs, experts and political parties. The strategy’s structure is introduced in sub-chapter 1.3 National Youth Strategy, but changes are currently ongoing. (Source: Youth Policy Review in Hungary, 2016, Manuscript)
In 2010 the government established top-level bodies by integrating formerly independent ministries. Youth policy was moved under the umbrella of the largest single body of the administration, the Ministry of Human Capacities (Emberi Erőforrások Minisztériuma) [Between 2010 and 2012 its name was Ministry of National Resources (Nemzeti Erőforrás Minisztérium)]. The reason behind the creation of an integrated ministry was the intention to incorporate the different fields of the human sphere: social policy, education, culture, health into one organizational unit (but keeping them separate in their daily work). (For more information see sub-chapter 1.4 Youth Policy decision-making.)(Source: Youth Policy Review in Hungary, 2016, Manuscript)
The current youth policy framework programme of the government was published in 2012 entitled ‘For the Future of the New Generation’ (see sub-chapters 1.3 National Youth Strategy and 1.4 Youth Policy decision-making). The implementation of the framework programme was assigned to the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice through the services of the New Generation Centres. (Source: Youth Policy Review in Hungary, 2016, Manuscript)
After the 2014 elections no major changes were made to the basic structure of the government, but youth policy was separated from sports and moved to a newly formed State Secretariat for Family, Youth and International Affairs, where a deputy secretary of state was assigned to youth affairs. As a part of this reorganization, the implementation of New Generation framework programme was also taken over by the State Secretariat. Furthermore, a consultative body was created in 2013: the Youth Expert Forum (Ifjúsági Szakmai Egyeztető Fórum, ISZEF – see sub-chapter 1.6 Evidence-based Youth Policy), the task of which is to advise and coordinate between the different youth policy actors. (Source: Youth Policy Review in Hungary, 2016, Manuscript)
The two most important umbrella youth organizations of Hungary are the National Youth Council (Nemzeti Ifjúsági Tanács), founded in 2012 acting as an institution for supporting young people and representing youth organizations of Hungary, as well as the Hungarian Youth Conference Alliance (Magyar Ifjúsági Konferencia) (established in 1999) – a forum of Hungarian youth and their organizations in Hungary and the neighboring countries. (Source: Youth Policy Review in Hungary, 2016, Manuscript)
Ratio (%) of young people in the total population (2017): Eurostat, yth_demo_020 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].
Absolute number of young people on 1 January for the age group 15-29 (2017): Eurostat, yth_demo_010 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].
Ratio (%) of men and women in the youth population (2017): Eurostat, yth_demo_020 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].
Young immigrants from non-EU countries (2016): Eurostat, yth_demo_070 [data extracted on 4/09/2018].