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EACEA National Policies Platform



Last update: 20 December 2023

Youth Policy in Spain

The Spanish Constitution (Constitución Española de 1978) states that “public authorities will promote conditions for the free and effective participation of youth in the political, social, economic and cultural development” in its article 48, therefore, public authorities must develop youth policies as it has been done for the last forty years.However, the Constitution does not include a section stating youth policies and so, in order to address this lack of specific assignment, the different Autonomous Regions assumed exclusive responsibility in their own Statutes.

In this way there is no General Government Administration Youth Comprehensive Law but a variety of different plans seeking to coordinate political performances. In May 2022, the Ministry of Social Rights and the 2030 Agenda presented The Youth Strategy 2030 (Estrategia Joven 2030). The Youth Strategy 2030 is currently in force, approved by the Council of Ministers on the 17th of May 2022. This Strategy will be implemented through the first Action Plan 2022-2024 (Plan de Acción 2022-2024), the Second Action Plan 2025-2027 and the third Action Plan 2028-2030 establishing axes of action, goals, measures and budget for this period. Besides these Plans, there is an ordinary budget for the Youth Promotion Ministry of Social Rights and the 2030 Agenda.

Although most of the actions related to youth are carried out through the Autonomous Regions and local bodies, on a national scale the decision-taking structure is related to the Spanish Youth Institute (Instituto de la Juventud (INJUVE)) and the Youth Interministerial Commission. Coordination of the authorities with the associative youth movement is made through the Spanish Youth Council (Consejo de la Juventud de España).

Ratio of young people in the total population on 1st January

Ratio of men and women in the youth population

Ratio of young immigrants in all immigrants from non-EU countries

Statistic references

Total number of young people:

7 431 973


Ratio (%) of young people in the total population (2022): Eurostat, yth_demo_020 [data extracted on 24/05/2023].

Absolute number of young people on 1 January for the age group 15-29 (2022): Eurostat, yth_demo_010 [data extracted on 24/05/2023].

Ratio (%) of men and women in the youth population (2022): Eurostat, yth_demo_020 [data extracted on 24/05/2023].

Young immigrants from non-EU countries (2021): Eurostat, yth_demo_070 [data extracted on 24/05/2023].