8.2 Administration and governance
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Youth cultural policies
The main actors involved in the policy-making targeting specifically young people in the field of creativity and culture are:
1. The Minister of Youth
2. The Youth Department which implements the youth policies through decrees
3. Youth associations and Federations gathered in Commissions to represent youth associations and young people
One particularity in the field of youth policy is its strong ethos of subsidiarity. Youth associations are the main service providers at the local level. The autonomous status of associations is indicative of their potential flexibility.
This autonomy allows responses to local specificities. In this context, the national youth policy doesn’t address specific target groups in the youth population. Associations are free to focus their action on a specific target group.
Several decrees determine the implementation of youth policies at the local level by Youth Organisations and Youth Centres.
Cultural policies targeting the whole population including young people
The Minister of Culture is responsible for policy-making targeting any age artists and people in the field of creativity and culture.
The General Administration of Culture is composed of 6 General Services:
1. Books and Letters General Service
2. Audio-visual and Media General Service
3. Cultural Heritage General Service
4. Artistic Creation General Service
5. Youth and Permanent Education General Service
6. Territorial action General Service
A Culture Inspection General Service completes the administrative organisation.
Those services, among other things, implement several programmes to foster the access to culture, mainly in schools.
The main cross-sectorial cooperation regarding culture and young people is the decree of 24 March 2006 revised on 3 April 2014 which aims at supporting cultural and artistic activities in schools. The Minister of Culture and the Minister of Education share the responsibility for this decree.
The Culture-Education Service implements the decree. It runs its own budget. See 8.8 Synergies and partnerships.