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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki


3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

3.5 Traineeships and apprenticeships

On this page
  1. Official guidelines on traineeships and apprenticeships
  2. Promoting traineeships and apprenticeships
  3. Recognition of learning outcomes
  4. Funding
  5. Quality assurance

Official guidelines on traineeships and apprenticeships

According to a policy officer, coordinator Traineeship programme national government of the Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, there is no information on how traineeship programmes are developed in the public sector. This means that this coordinator does not have information on how municipalities and provinces fill in their traineeship programmes. In the Traineeprogramma (Traineeship programme of the national government) trainees have the same rights as public servants.

Guidelines on cooperation among social partners No information has been found concerning guidelines on cooperation between social partners.

Participation in traineeships by specific target groups The national government does identify specific target groups. For example, according to the policy officer of the Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations, a project class has been established at the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment existing of highly educated refugees. However, no information could be found on the website link with the Youth Guarantee scheme.  

Promoting traineeships and apprenticeships

According to the policy officer at the Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations the Traineeship programme national government is well known among young people. Every year a large number of students or graduates apply for this traineeship. Therefore they do not need to actively promote this traineeship programme.

Recognition of learning outcomes

The recognition of outcomes varies considerably. For example, the Traineeprogramma (Traineeship programme of the national government) lasts for two years. After 1,5 year trainees get a final review. If the trainee functioned very well, they may be offered the possibility of paid employment. Another formal way to recognize learning outcomes is the Recognition of prior learning (Erkennen van Verworven Competenties - EVC). The Stichting Arbeidsmarkt en Opleidingsfonds (Foundation Labour market and Education Fund, please see below for more information) makes it possible for organizations, e.g. municipalities, to start an EVC-course for their employees.


Public funding is available for municipalities to support their traineeship and apprenticeship programmes. The Stichting Arbeidsmarkt en Opleidingsfonds (A+O fonds) (Foundation Labour market and Education Fund) supports the sector in the fields of labour market and Human Resource Management policy. The activities of this foundation contribute to more dynamic and creative municipalities. There is no further information found on the source of public funding at the top-level and the use of EU funding.

The strong growth of the ageing population makes the intake of young people in the public sector very important. To stimulate this movement for municipalities the foundation distributes different subsidies which municipalities can apply for. The Jongerenregeling (Youth arrangement) for example is a subsidy for municipalities to encourage them to employ young people. With the Jongerenregeling the foundation supports municipalities with work placements for young people up to 27 years old.

Quality assurance

Unfortunately no information has been found on quality assurance. As mentioned earlier in this paragraph, the traineeship programmes in public organizations vary. This makes it difficult to discover which quality assurance is applied to schemes of traineeship and apprenticeships.