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EACEA National Policies Platform


3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

3.5 Traineeships and Apprenticeships

Last update: 22 March 2024

The amendments to the Labor Code from March 2014 provide for an employment contract with condition for traineeship. This contract may be concluded with young people up to the age of 29 who have completed secondary or higher education, but do not have professional experience and employment experience in the same profession or specialty. The regulation of the contract with condition for traineeship has expanded the opportunities for employers to hire young people and helps to ensure quality traineeships and protect the labor rights of trainees. The contract determines the manner and form through which the practical skills are acquired in the process of performing work duties, the duration (between 6 and 12 months), etc. After the termination of the contract with condition for traineeship, the young person receives a reference certifying the results of the training. Regulated traineeship meets the Quality Framework for Traineeships in terms of reasonable duration, recognition of traineeship, adequate social protection and pay. 

According to programs and measures ((, implemented in accordance with the Employment Promotion Act with funding from the state budget, the following initiatives are implemented to encourage employers to hire young people for internships or apprenticeship:

  • Encouraging employers to open apprenticeship jobs to unemployed persons up to the age of 29 by providing funds for remuneration, social and health insurance;

  • Encouraging the employment of unemployed young people with primary and lower education and without qualification for apprenticeship under the guidance of a mentor by providing funds for remuneration, social and health insurance;

  • "Career Start" program - provision of opportunities to acquire work experience in public administration for unemployed young people who have completed higher education, with the aim of facilitating the transition between education and employment.