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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki


8. Creativity and Culture

8.6 Developing entrepreneurial skills through culture

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  1. Developing entrepreneurial skills through cultural activities
  2. Support young entrepreneurs in the cultural and creative sectors

Developing entrepreneurial skills through cultural activities

The activities on the part of authorities aimed at strengthening entrepreneurial abilities by taking part in cultural activities, in addition to supporting entrepreneurs in the cultural and creative sector in Poland are not addressed to young people as a separate age group. This does not change the fact that such undertakings are usually carried out by the youngest generations.

Information on this subject can be found the document entitled: Poland 2030. The Third Wave of Modernity. Long-term National Development Strategy (Polska 2030. Trzecia fala nowoczesności. Długookresowa Strategia Rozwoju Kraju), in which the increasing importance of non-technological innovation based on the cultural potential has been highlighted, along with the importance of the cultural and creative industry. One of the goals of this strategy is “improving the accessibility and quality of education at all stages and increasing the competitiveness of science”, which means “strengthening the use of the creative potential through the development of the creative sector and creative enterprises”.  

In the context of developing entrepreneurial competences in culture, it is also worth mentioning the aforementioned Strategy for Responsible Development for the period up to 2020 including the perspective up to 2030 (Strategia na rzecz odpowiedzialnego rozwoju do roku 2020 z perspektywą do roku 2030), where section 3 mentions the mobilisation of private capital for research and development and innovation activities, as well as increasing the market potential of the conducted research and the commercialisation of the results. This is to be achieved "through a package for creative industries aimed at supporting innovative products developed by the cultural and creative sectors. The package makes it possible to build a competitive advantage within the sector and counteracts the outflow of creative capital. The proposed measures include the introduction of incentives for the making audio-visual productions in Poland, the introduction of tax holiday for companies from the creative sector, and the establishment of the so-called ‘fast-track tax path’ for international productions in the audio-visual segment".

Support young entrepreneurs in the cultural and creative sectors

In Poland, there is no specialised system of educating for the development of entrepreneurship competences in culture. A review of offers in this area leads mainly to identifying individual subjects and courses (at schools and universities) run on an ad hoc basis, usually by non-governmental organisations or institutions of culture. A specialised post-graduate course in Culture and cultural entrepreneurship animation had been conducted in the past: from diagnosing a situation to managing a cultural project (Animacja kultury i przedsiębiorczość kulturalna - od diagnozy sytuacji do zarządzania projektem kulturalnym), provided by the Institute of Cultural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences (currently the Faculty of Anthropology and Culture Sciences) at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Currently paid, post-graduate courses (conducted online) in the field of Culture Management are available in the Center of Postgraduate Learning and Business Development in Łódź (Centrum Kształcenia Podyplomowego i Rozwoju Badań w Łodzi) and in the Institute of Culture of the Jagiellonian University Faculty of Management and Social Communication (Instytut  Kultury Wydziału Zarządzania i Komunikacji Społecznej Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Krakowie).