1.9 Current debates and reforms
The education reform that was initiated in 2016 and whose implementation started on 1 September 2017 is one of the key reforms affecting young people’s lives. The previous education system (6-year primary school, 3-year lower secondary school, 4-year comprehensive secondary school, 4-year technical secondary school, 3-year vocational school and post-secondary schools) has be replaced by 8-year primary schools, 4-year comprehensive secondary schools, 5-year technical secondary schools, 3-year 1st degree trade schools, 2-year 2nd degree trade schools, 3-year special schools preparing for work, and post-secondary schools. On September 1, 2019 lower secondary schools were completely closed.
1 August 2019 a personal income tax (PIT) relief was introduced for people up to the age of 26 and they receive income from employment contracts and orders concluded with the company. Over 2 million young workers will benefit from the relief.