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No information is available on policies, programmes projects and initiatives (either directly organised or funded by public authorities) supporting the development of entrepreneurial skills by participating in cultural and creative opportunities during formal education or through non-formal education. A component of non-formal education for the development of entrepreneurial skills for cultural and creative industries is part of the Creative Romania programme presented below.
Policies/programmes/initiatives, their objectives and outcomes, and target groups
Two programmes are available in Romania for young entrepreneurs in the cultural and creative sectors:
- The CultIn programme, initiated by the Ministry of Culture in 2016;
- The Creative Romania programme within the Operational Programme Human Capital 2014-2020.
The CultIn program is addressed to entrepreneurs working in the cultural and creative industries, personal initiatives organised in companies, hubs, project and business incubators, creative studios, which have the potential to generate prosperity by capitalizing on intellectual property. The total budget allocated to a CultIn Program cultural selection session is 500,000 lei/year (about 100,000 euro/year). The cultural domains for which applicants may submit bids for grants are: architecture, crafts, design (graphic, clothing, product, etc.), digital media and organisation in creative communities (cultural hubs). The program pays special attention to those projects that identify and address the dominant cultural and creative industries in the localities and regions where funding seekers come from, and which make the most of local creative resources. 11 projects have been funded in 2016 with an average budget of 45,000 lei/project (about 10,000 euro).
The Creative Romania programme grants projects for natural persons will be available to support start-up initiatives in creative industries in Romanian less developed regions (all Romanian regions but the capital region: Bucharest-Ilfov). The main stages and groups of activities within the program are mentoring and professional training of the beneficiaries in the field of entrepreneurship, tailored to the specifics of the cultural and creative sectors; counselling / consulting for the development of the business plan; support for initiating and starting a business in a cultural-creative area; exploitation and sustainability of the business idea (activities specific to each field).
Main lines of public funding
While the CultIn program is funded by the national Romanian budget, the Creative Romania programme will be co-funded by the European and Social Fund and the national Romanian budget under the Operational Programme Human Capital 2014-2020.