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EACEA National Policies Platform


1. Youth Policy Governance

1.9 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 28 November 2023

From the 2023/2024 school year a new school subject "Business and Management will be introduced " (“Biznes i zarządzanie”), which is to replace the existing subject "Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship" (“Podstawy przedsiębiorczości”). In September 2022 a report on the consultation of the new subject was published, in which several hundred young people from all over Poland participated. 

1 August 2019 a personal income tax (PIT) relief was introduced for people up to the age of 26 and they receive income from employment contracts and orders concluded with the company, as well as income from graduate practice and student internship (from 2021). Over 2 million young workers will benefit from the relief.

The education reform that was initiated in 2016 and whose implementation started on 1 September 2017 is one of the key reforms affecting young people’s lives. The previous education system (6-year primary school, 3-year lower secondary school, 4-year comprehensive secondary school, 4-year technical secondary school, 3-year vocational school and post-secondary schools) has be replaced by  8-year primary schools, 4-year comprehensive secondary schools, 5-year technical secondary schools, 3-year 1st degree trade schools, 2-year 2nd degree trade schools, 3-year special schools preparing for work, and post-secondary schools. On September 1, 2019 lower secondary schools were completely closed.