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EACEA National Policies Platform


1. Youth Policy Governance

1.9 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 8 January 2021

Forthcoming policy developments

Since 2017, the Government has implemented measures designed to bring about far-reaching changes in the secondary and higher education systems.


The reform of the baccalaureate and high school

The Minister of Education entrusted in November 2017, a mission of reflection on the transformation of the baccalaureate (exam). This mission was responsible for rethinking and "simplifying the organization of the baccalaureate" and "to affirm [its] function of access to higher education" as well as "to strengthen the link between the baccalaureate and the continuation of the curriculum of students in higher education". The mission has given its report on January 24, 2018.  

Following the submission of the report, the Minister of National Education presented his reform project in the Council of Ministers on 14 February 2018. The first edition of this "deeply renewed" baccalaureate is scheduled to take place in 2021.

The changes in the baccalaureate envisaged by the report lead to a new organization of the high school where the student orientation project is to be built.  Among these changes (non-exhaustive list):

  • The establishment of functioning in teaching units and no longer in general and technological fields;
  • The implementation of a "regulated autonomy" within the institutions;
  • The valorization of "computing and digital, [considered as] a major priority";
  • The reduction in the number of examinations on the baccalaureate exam.
  • The creation of a  new platform for access to higher education"Parcoursup" which replaces the "Admission Post Bac (APB)" platform, created in 2009.



Mandatory training up to the age of 18

With a view to reducing poverty among the most vulnerable young people, minors not in education, employment or training (NEETs) in particular, the Government instituted an obligation of training for all young people between 16 and 18 years of age in the Act of 26 July 2019 for a School of Trust.

The measure should come into force at the start of the 2020/2021 school year.





Ongoing debates


Universal Basic Income

On 13 September 2018, the President of the Republic announced the creation of a Universal Basic Income (Revenu universel d'activité – RUA), a merger of several social benefits, with a view to combating non-take-up of social rights.

The drafting of the Bill on the RUA involved organisation of citizens’ workshops in various areas, along with a series of institutional, public and citizen consultations, including in the form of an online survey that obtained some 8000 responses.

 A number of youth movements and associations combating social exclusion have requested that 18-year-olds be eligible for the RUA – a request that has aroused considerable debate, including at the Advisory Council on Youth Policies, which has produced an Opinion on young people’s access to the RUA, addressed to the Prime Minister.