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EACEA National Policies Platform: Youthwiki
Austria

Austria

1. Youth Policy Governance

1.7 Funding youth policy


How Youth policy is funded

There is a specific budget dedicated to the joint competences of family and youth, which were recently passed from the former Ministry of Labour, Family and Youth to the Federal Chancellery (Bundeskanzleramt).

A graphical abstract of the overall federal budget 2020 (Budget Report 2020) is provided by the Federal Ministry on Finances. Resorts define their own targets and aims. The Federal Chancellery provides an overview of all youth relevant aims(Wirkungsziele).

The Parliament provides a visual general overview over the total budget (in German), in which number 25 marks the funding available to the Federal Chancellery (Bundeskanzleramt) for the agenda 'family and youth'. According to the parliamentary breakdown analysis of the draft federal budget 2021, 'the draft Federal Budget 2021 provides for disbursements totalling EUR 7.59 billion for UG 25-Family and Youth. In comparison to the BVA 2020, this means an increase of EUR 191.3 million or 2.6% for 2021. Expenditures in the results budget show a similar development (+2.5%). The increase in disbursements is mainly due to an increase of EUR 354.8 million in transfers to social security institutions (especially pension contributions for child-raising periods) as well as payments of EUR 50 million for the COVID family hardship compensation.

What is funded?

 

As for 2020/2021, the funding focus (Förderschwerpunkt) is placed on
  • Competences and Qualifications
  • Digitalization/Media Competences/E-Youthwork
  • Generational Dialogue
 
The Family Burden Equalisation Fund (Familienlastenausgleichsfonds, FLAF) (parliamentary breakdown analysis of the draft federal budget 2021)

'A significant part of the management of UG 25 ('Family and Youth') is shaped by the FLAF - a reserve fund for family benefits with its own legal personality. After several years of surpluses, the FLAF's disbursements exceeded its receipts from payments from 2017 onwards, thus showing a deficit. A deficit in the FLAF does not directly lead to cuts in benefits, because it is covered by general budget funds.'

Ongoing and planned measures and reforms (parliamentary breakdown analysis of the draft federal budget 2021)
  • Scientific studies on the new measures introduced in 2017 (childcare allowance account, family time bonus, partnership bonus) for a better reconciliation of family and work. The compatibility of family and work is to be improved by an increased use of modern management tools (e.g. work and family certification), awareness-raising measures and the comprehensive, qualitative expansion of a demand-oriented child education and childcare services, the expansion of professional holiday childcare.
  • Expansion of anonymous and free low-threshold counselling services for families.
  • Promotion of parenting education, violence prevention, and support projects for young people and parents in divorce and family mediation.
  • Implementation of youth policy as a cross-cutting issue (implementation and further development of the Austrian Youth Strategy, implementation of the EU Youth Strategy and the EU programmes European Solidarity Corps and Erasmus+: Youth in Action).
  • Expansion of the range of digital textbooks within the framework of the free textbook campaign by implementing a price structure for e-books in view of the COVID-19 pandemic.
 
COVID-19 special funding focus (parliamentary breakdown analysis of the draft federal budget 2021)

To overcome the COVID-19 crisis and to support the economic recovery, a number of family policy measures were implemented. These include, among others, a one-off payment for families (child bonus), the aid and compensation payments under the Corona family hardship compensation scheme, the suspension of the obligation to provide proof of performance for family allowance for students and schoolchildren until March 2021, the increase of the income limit for the additional income option for family allowance from EUR 10,000 to EUR EUR 15,000, easier access to advances on maintenance payments, and the special care time, where the federal government takes over part of the remuneration.

The funding focus for 2017/2018 was on
  • Diversity - Integration  - Inclusion
  • E-Youthwork
  • Generational Dialogue
The funding focus for 2015/2016 was on
  • Career start
  • Digitalisation/media competence
  • Peaceful coexistence
 
The budget against long-term unemployment among young people

According to the Youth and Work report,  the federal government had a budget of €920 000 000 available to spend on labour market policy for young people in 2019.

Of this, a sum of €579 000 000 was used in the form of subsidies and benefits distributed via the Public Employment Service (AMS).

€230 000 000 were used to promote apprenticeships in companies.

€111 000 000 were available for corresponding programmes run by the Ministry of Social Affairs.

An additional sum of €53 000 000 was available for further extensions of the offers included in „AusBildung bis 18" in 2019. As for the implementation of these developments in 2020, approximately €57 000 000 were available.

Financial accountability

Continuous quality assurance (Qualitätssicherung)

The Federal Youth Funding Act (Bundesjugendförderungsgesetz, B-JFG) stipulates that basic funding is only to be granted to those youth organisations that - in addition to a number of other conditions - carry out continuous quality assurance of their work according to section 6 paragraph 1 line 6 B-JFG or according to section 13 paragraph 4 of the guidelines of the B-JFG. With regard to this and to the fundamental necessity of quality assurance in youth work in associations, a number of measures and activities have been taken in recent yearsto find methods and standards. Self-evaluation has been determined as the central method.

Further accountability is ensured through the application process and the statement of account. 

Use of EU Funds

The Federal Ministry of Families and Youth itself did not use any EU-funds.

Main policies/programmes:

Erasmus+: Youth in Action

The evaluation of youth in action 2014-2020 was performed by the RAY network.

Structured dialogue: national co-financing by the Federal Chancellery.

European Social Fund in Austria

In Austria, the European Social Fund (Europäischer Sozialfonds) provided a budget of approximately €876 000 000 for the period 2014-2020. The priorities of the funding are laid down in the Operational Programme for Employment.

The Federal Ministry for Labour is responsible for the overall coordination of the ESF in Austria.