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At national level the Ministry of Youth and Sport administers the budget for youth policy. Part of this budget is allocated to administrative and staff costs for the Ministry and for the County offices for Youth and Sport. This part of the budget cannot be separated from the allocations for sport and an exact figure cannot be evaluated. The budgets for the 4 framework youth programmes are separated and publicly available on the website of the ministry.
In 2020 the budget allocated for programmes and projects was 13 840 000 lei (under 2 890 000 Euro), including funding for a national and 41 local (at county level) project global grants for youth NGOs, a national global grant for student projects of NGOs, youth projects implemented by the Ministry itself and by its structure: county offices and students culture houses, funding of youth centres managed by the County Offices for Youth and Sport and the youth camps organised by the Ministry for young people and students.
In 2017 the allocation for the same elements was 13 000 000 lei (under 3 000 000 Euro), in 2018 it was 27 650 000 lei (under 6 000 000 Euro). However, the expenditures of 2018 have been at only 17 500 000 lei (under 3 700 000 Euro). The allocation for the same elements of the youth programmes (36 youth centres and projects targeting young people, youth workers and students implemented by the Ministry of Youth and Sports and NGOs granted by the Ministry), in 2019, according to the budget adopted for 2019, was 9 791 00 lei (under 2 100 000 Euro).
According to the Youth Law local communities (local and county councils) have to allocate local budget for local youth policies and activities, based on the consultation of the local youth civil society. However, there are not aggregated data on the level of budgets allocated at local level for youth local policies.
The Ministry of Youth and Sport (and the National Authority on Youth, before the Ministry’s establishment) implements 4 framework programs every year: a programme supporting Youth Centres, a programme supporting youth projects, a programme supporting student projects and a programme for youth research.
The Budget is also financing the functioning the Ministry of Youth and Sport and of its offices at county level. It is also supporting the organisation of youth and students camps and of students cultural events organised by students organisations and funded through 15 Students Culture Houses in the most important university towns in the country.
The Romanian Court of Accounts is the public body to which all public institution are accountable for their use of public funding, including the Ministry of Youth and Sport, and private institutions receiving public grants (including NGOs receiving grants for their projects from the Ministry). Its mission is to conduct the control function over the way state and public sector financial resources are established, managed and used. It subsequently provides the Parliament, authorities, public institutions and taxpayers with reports on the sound use and management, so as to ensure economy, efficiency and effectiveness. Taking actions according to the recommendations of the Court of Accounts is mandatory for any institution or organisation spending public money.
The EU funds used for youth policy are the funds of Erasmus Plus programme - the field of Youth. A dedicated evaluation for the use of European Social Fund (ESF) for youth beneficiaries in Romania revealed that no policy activities in the field have been funded. The ESF had been mainly used for scholarships, trainings and active measures for employment (counselling, employment mediation etc.) and for projects aiming at preventing school dropouts.
Under Erasmus Plus, the main activities are the national events and the transnational and international activities that offers the space for information and also for debates having as theme active youth participation, opening up as well a dialogue space with the decision makers. The other activities are related to organising consultation activities with young people, aiming at identifying the youth needs related to their participation to the democratic life. The reunions, seminars and information events as well as the debates involving both young people and decision makers are also notable activities that aim at boosting up youth participation. Within Erasmus Plus, the Romanian participants were part of training courses and international activities tackling the theme of active youth participation.
In 2018 in Romania, 150 projects (out of 844 applications) have been funded under the Youth component of the Erasmus+ programme, Key Action 1, mobility projects. 10 projects of Strategic Partnership in the field of Youth (out of 96 applications) and 4 projects of dialogue with young people (out of 38 applications) have been funded in 2018. 95.5% of the participants in youth mobility projects have been highly satisfied with the experience. A total of 78 000 000 Euro have been granted in 2018 for all components of Erasmus+ programme in Romania, including Youth.
In 2019, 19 projects have been implemented under Key Action 1 - learning mobilities in the field of youth, with 8 115 participants for a total of 4 801522 Eur. 18 strategic projects in the field of youth have been implemented with a total funding of 2 305 403 Euro.