1.7 Funding youth policy
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In Denmark, there is no specific budget for youth policy.
The Finance Act (finansloven) allocates grants to the ministries, municipalities, and regions. The youth policy initiatives by ministries, municipalities, and regions are covered by these grants.
Every year, a new finance bill, which determines the Danish state’s budget for the following year, must be passed. Like most other bills, the budget proposal is introduced by the government. The government determines a frame for the state’s budget and negotiates with the ministries (in March and April), municipalities, and regions (in June). The budget agreement typically establishes the tasks, level of service, political priorities, etc. for the coming year. The minister of finance must present the finance bill to the parliament by 1 September at the latest. The bill is usually passed by parliament in December just before the Christmas holiday.
The Finance Act of 2022 can be found here.
Besides the youth policy initiatives funded by the Finance Act (finansloven), one pool and two acts finance associations, organisations, and voluntary social work.
- Act on Profits from the National Lottery and Football Pools (Udlodningsloven, LOV nr 1532 af 19/12/2017)
- The Act on Social Services, § 18 (Lov om social service, LBK nr 170 af 24/01/2022)
- The Act on Non-Formal General Adult Education (Folkeoplysningsloven, ) LBK nr 1115 af 31/08/2018)
Often, associations, organisations, and voluntary social work involve initiatives targeting young people, for instance youth schools, leisure activities, sports clubs, political youth organisations, and other interest organisations. For a detailed description of associational life in Denmark, see sections 2.1 and 2.2.
A broad range of welfare services are funded by public funds.
- Day-care institutions
- Primary and lower secondary education (folkeskole), upper secondary education, special education, higher education and science
- Employment measures for young people
- Health services
- Municipal leisure activities
- Measures for young people with special needs
- Measures for young people with physical or mental disability
- Measures for socially vulnerable young people
The Act on Profits from the national lottery and football pools (Udlodningsloven, LOV nr 1532 af 19/12/2017), the Act on Social Services (lov om social service, LBK nr 170 af 24/01/2022) and the Act on Non-Formal General Adult Education (Folkeoplysningsloven, LBK nr 1115 af 31/08/2018) fund initiatives such as:
- Youth organisations
- Youth political parties
- Non-formal general adult education programmes (folkeoplysning)
- Camps, festivals, and youth conferences
- Youth training programmes
- Inclusion programmes
- Leisure activities
- Cultural activities
The National Audit Office of Denmark (Rigsrevisionen) audits public spending on behalf of the Danish parliament and seeks to strengthen the accountability of public administration to the benefit of the citizens. The National Audit Office of Denmark audits the government accounts and financial statements of publicly funded enterprises and verifies the legality and effective use of public funds. The National Audit Office of Denmark conducts the audits in compliance with the Danish standards for public sector auditing.
The National Audit Office of Denmark is independent in its planning and choice of audit approach and methodology. The National Audit Office of Denmark performs the audits on behalf of the six members of the public accounts committee, who subsequently comment on the reports and submit them to the Danish parliament (Folketinget). The annual financial audit is mainly performed as a financial audit, but often includes elements of a compliance audit and sometimes also a performance audit.
The National Audit Office of Denmark publishes approximately 25 reports every year. One third of the subjects of these reports are decided on by the public accounts committee and the rest by the National Audit Office of Denmark. Audits are planned on the basis of assessments of materiality and risk. Some studies concern only one department whereas others address the same issue across several departments.
Ensuring that action is taken on the points raised or recommendations made in the audit reports is crucial for the effectiveness of the work. The Danish audit model includes a follow-up procedure that ensures effective follow-up.
Monitoring of state pools and public funding
Associations and organisations may be entitled to funding from the profits from the national lottery and football pools pools (Udlodningsloven, LOV nr 1532 af 19/12/2017), Act on Social Services (Lov om social service, LBK nr 170 af 24/01/2022), and the Act on Non-Formal General Adult Education (Folkeoplysningsloven, LBK nr 1115 af 31/08/2018). Associations and organisations may receive either project funding or operating aid.
Each individual grant scheme has a mandatory set of regulations that the recipient of the fund must comply with.
Project funding is based on a project description with information on target groups and objectives.
Operating aid is typically granted based on the number of organisation members.
If the benefactor does not return a financial and goal achievement account by the report deadline or if an organisation reports misleading information, the partial or full grant may be withdrawn.
Accounting reports are usually asked to be verified by an auditor.
Erasmus+ in Denmark
Denmark participates in the Erasmus+ programme to support education, training, sport and youth.
The total budget for the 2021-2027 period amounts to EURO 26.2 billion. In comparison, the budget for the 2014-2020 period was EURO 14.7 billion. Out of the total budget for the 2021-2027 period, in 2022 around EURO 45 million is allocated to projects administered by Denmark.
The Danish Agency for Higher Education and Science is national agency for Erasmus+.
The European Solidarity Corps in Denmark
Denmark participates in the European Solidarity Corps to support volunteering and solidarity.
The total budget for the 2021-2027 period is around EURO 1.009 billion. In the 2018-2020 period the budget was EURO 375.6 million. Out of the total budget for the 2021-2027 period, in 2022 around EURO 1.8 million is allocated to projects administered by Denmark.
The Danish Agency for Higher Education and Science is the national agency for Erasmus+.
Horizon Europe in Denmark
Horizon Europe is EU's program for research and innovation in the 2021-2027 period. Numbers for Denmark's participation in the present programme period are not yet available, but in the 2014-2020 programme period, research institutes, researchers and organisations have been funded with €1 330 million, which is 2.57% of the total Horizon2020 budget.
The Danish Agency for Higher Education and Science is the national contact point (NPC) for Horizon2020 in Denmark.
The European Social Fund in Denmark
The Danish Board of Business Development allocates funding from the European Social Fund to business development all over Denmark. In the 2021-2027 period, the budget amounts to around EURO 120 million. The programme focuses on skill development, education and competency development.
The European Regional Fund in Denmark
The Danish Board of Business Development also allocates funding from the European Regional Fund. In the 2021-2027 period, the budget amounts to around EURO 0,24 billion. The programme focuses on the development of small and medium enterprises and on the implementation of digital solutions strengthening sustainable local development.