In Austria, anyone from age 15 on can take a job, respectively after later completion of compulsory school. Young people from age 15 on may be employed in certain cases such as an apprenticeship or practical training. Children and young people up to the age of 18 years are covered by child and youth employment legislation. Due to the dual vocational training system, in Austria employment and entrepreneurship are closely related to education.
In terms of youth (un)employment, Austria has traditionally held a comparatively advantaged position in Europe. However, not least the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the challenges for young people on the Austrian labour market and was met with a specific governmental taskforce on youth unemployment.
Social partners, such as the Chamber of Labour (Arbeiterkammer, AK), the Austrian Economic Chambers (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ), and the Austrian Chamber of Agriculture (Landwirtschaftskammer, LKO) hold a very important and strong position in Austria. The Chamber of Labour represents the interests of 3,4 million employees and consumers and offers a large and diverse variety of services. Commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Labour, the Austrian Public Employment Service (Arbeitsmarktservice, AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services. Within the framework of the Federal Government’s policy of full employment, the AMS contributes to prevent and eradicate unemployment in Austria.