1.7 Funding youth policy
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How Youth policy is funded
On a national scale the Youth Strategy 2020 establishes several actions plans, the last one to be implemented was the Action Plan 2014-2016 (Plan de Acción 2014-2016), which established a budget of 2.9 thousand million euros in 211 measures in the different Axes of Action of the Strategy . From this amount, over 90% of the budget was been allocated to youth employment and entrepreneurship support. This is a specific budget focused in the first Action Plan.
Besides these Plans, there is an ordinary budget for the Youth Promotion and Services (Promoción y Servicios de la Juventud), from the Ministry of Social Rights and 2030 Agenda of 32,9 million euros (Spanish National Budget 2018 – Presupuestos Generales del Estado 2018). With an increase in the budget of 6.54% compared with the previous year 2017, that was funded with 30.9 million euros.
Nevertheless, on 28 October 2020, the Draft State Budget for 2021 was presented to the Cortes Generales and its adoption is still to be voted in the following weeks, so the budget that will be assigned to the promotion of youth policies in Spain remains unknown.
What is funded?
For Axis no.1 Education and training, 573,877,850€.
For Axis no.2 Employment and Entrepreneurship a budget of 2,344,092,044.80€.
For Axis no.3 Housing 0€.
For Axis no.4 Prevention and Health, a budget of 1,840,648€.
For Axis no.5 Participation, voluntary work, inclusion and equal opportunities, a budget of 22,363,826.4€.
The General Budget Law (Ley General Presupuestaria 47/2003), is the legal framework which regulates all the financing for the Ministries and Public organizations in order to implement public policies and public services. These policies should follow the Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability (Ley Orgánica 2/2012 de 27 de abril de 2012). With regard to the rules for granting subsidies, the General Law of Grants is followed (Ley 38/2003 de 17 de noviembre).
Additionally, all public action is under the surveillance of the Court of Auditors, higher control body of the Spanish Public Administration. This organization depends on the Spanish Parliament. Most of the budgetary and financial supervision activities are done through a public audit. As a result of the inspection, the number of infractions, abuses o irregular practices will be taken in to account as well as the supposedly responsible personnel of the faults.
Although is the only institution at a national level that monitors the Public Administration, at a regional autonomous level the Regional Organisms of External Control (Órganos de Control Externo Autonómicos (OCEX)) perform the same functions.
Use of EU Funds
In the year 2017, Spanish Administration participates of the following funds according to European Budget:
- Erasmus + funded with 174,6M€. Is the European program of the EU that supports the training, sports, education and youth efforts for the period 2014-2020.
- Youth Employment Initiative with a budget of 28,3M (2016, no data available for 2017) € designed to support young people who are not in employment, training or education in regions with an unemployment rate above 25%.
Creative Europe Program with a financial support of 7,3 M€ focused in emerging creators and artists in an Europe-wide program.