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EACEA National Policies Platform


3. Employment & Entrepreneurship

Last update: 11 January 2021

According to the French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE), in the second quarter of 2020, the unemployment rate in France was 7.1%. The rate of unemployment dropped for all age brackets and more so for men than for women. However, this drop is in line with the specific context of the health crisis (COVID-19). According to INSEE, “this reduction in the unemployment rate results in a significant drop in the number of people without jobs who could be working or are actively looking for a job during lockdown. [...] in total, unemployment [...] is therefore lower during this lockdown period, without this translating into an improvement in the job market.

Young people are particularly affected by unemployment with a rate reaching 21 %% for 15-24 year olds. While professional inclusion is growing in time for young people, in the face of the labor market, young people are still unequal: young people with few or no qualifications are more likely to be unemployed, as are those living in disadvantaged urban areas.

The professional integration of young people is therefore a crucial challenge for public policy, which must meet several issues: to reduce the youth unemployment rate and the existing gaps with regard to young people with few or no qualifications also to facilitate the transition between school, higher education and employment and support young people in the creation of their company.

Furthermore, the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting economic and social crisis has made it more difficult for young people to enter employment.

As in the case of youth policies, employment policies are based on inter-ministerial and intersectoral work that mobilizes public operators, local authorities, associations and enterprises both in the development of employment policies than at the time of their implementation.