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The ministries of national and higher education education have introduced various social inclusion schemes aiming to guarantee academic success for all pupils. Such initiatives and schemes aim to reduce economic and social inequalities, and facilitate the schooling of disabled children or those newly arrived in France.
Chapter 12 of Eurydice, Educational Support and Guidance, describes the various measures for social inclusion implemented by stakeholders in education.
Providing financial aid
Depending on what resources they have available, schoolchildren and students can benefit from financial aid, school and university grants in particular. Grants are awarded for an academic year. There are three levels, depending on the resources of the person or people taking responsibility for pupils in question, and the number of children involved.
In addition, municipalities, départements and regions may also award grants to schoolchildren and students on their territory. Such financial assistance depends on the policies implemented by local authorities: they therefore vary from one municipality to the next and from one region to another.
In the event of financial problems, schoolchildren and students can benefit from exceptional financial aid financed by their institution’s social fund (lower secondary, upper secondary or student social funds)
For further information see Youth Wiki 4.6 Access to quality services
Facilitating the schooling of disabled children
Schooling for disabled children has been a legal principle since the Law of 11 February 2005. A range of measures facilitate their inclusive education, financial aids among them: the Disabled Child Education Allowance (AAEH – Allocation d'éducation de l’enfant handicapé), the Disability Compensation Benefit (PCH – Prestation de compensation du handicap), the Disability Card (Carte d'invalidité) and provision of specialised transport. In addition to such assistance, pupils can stay fulltime or part-time in a medicosocial institution or be schooled at Local Units for Educational Inclusion (ULISs - Unités localisées pour l'inclusion scolaire), which provide primary and secondary education for groups of children with cognitive or mental disorders (specific language and learning disorders, motor function, auditory or visual disorders, multiple disabilities or disabling illnesses).
For further information, see Eurydice 12 Educational Support and Guidance
Schooling allophone children
Schools’ intake obligations apply as much to allophone children newly arrived in France as they do to other pupils. Special resources such as bilingual welcome booklets are provided and educational inclusion projects created to help cope with allophone pupils.
For further information refer to Eurydice 12 Educational Support and Guidance.
Several information campaigns on civic rights and raising awareness of democratic values are organised at secondary schools and higher education institutions on a yearly basis, in partnership with human rights defence associations. They aim to foster and reinforce tolerance and successful coexistence. For further information see 5.9 Raising awareness among young people.
- Eurydice report, Promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education.
- Eurydice chapter Promoting Equity, Social Cohesion and Active Citizenship.
- Eurydice report Citizenship Education in Europe.