1. Youth Policy Governance
Public action in favor of youth is the responsibility of both public authorities ( State, local authorities) but involves also many stakeholders from different fields : associations, NGOs, youth movements, research institutes or the business sector. All these actors can work both independently and jointly. This multiplicity of interveners implies a diversity of modes of governance of youth policies. However the State plays a key role, by drawing up policies, setting public schemes for youth and financially supporting the projects and associations that can carry them. It should be noted, however, that in France there is no systematic model of public action in favor of young people, which can be carried out by a specific ministry such as a ministry of Youth with its own youth national strategy or on the contrary be carried by other ministries concerned (Ministry of National Education), the structure of public policy making is depending on governmental choices.
Otherwise, youth is seen as an inter-ministerial issue. The policies in its favor are then transversal, covering education and vocational training, health and well-being, leisure, mobility, civic commitment, culture and so on. Furthermore, if they are part of a national framework, public actions in favor of young people are also territorialised, implemented in local and regional authorities, but also in some cases, within the framework of European policies.