4.4 Inclusive programmes for young people
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Within the scope of the national strategy for the prevention and fight against poverty, Garantie jeunes (Youth Guarantee) is one of the social inclusion programmes for the most vulnerable youths.
The Youth Guarantee (Garantie Jeunes)
Garantie jeunes is the French answer to the European recommendation of Youth Guarantee. It is intended for young people between the ages of 16 and 25 in a precarious situation who have no job, no training, no studies (NEET) and have a very low income. In order to prevent social exclusion and to favour their integration in employment, the young people are intensively and collectively supported and benefit from vocational training, as well as financial assistance (497 euros) to facilitate their search for employment.. This programme is run by the ministry responsible for employment via local missions.
The Youth Guarantee
The Garantie Jeunes (Youth Guarantee) is based on:
- Intensive collective accompaniment on the part of local missions;
- Repeated professional simulation exercises under several possible forms;
- Individual accompaniment throughout the year;
Monthly financial aid providing the young people concerned with increased autonomy.
According to the report Garantie jeunes: which youth and what will be he situation in five years?, published in 2019: between October 2013 and July 2018, 229,000 youths were included in Garantie jeunes. In accordance with the target of the measure, these youth with no job, no studies, no training at the time they were admitted to Garantie jeunes were suffering from a precarious economic and social situation and presented significant obstacles to employment.They had no qualifications (half of them had not finished their vocational training levels CAP-BEP) and most of them were already being supported by the local mission at the time they were admitted to Garantie jeunes”.
The government expects to support 200,000 youths within the framework of Garantie jeunes in 2021.
In addition to Garantie jeunes, the national strategy for the prevention and combat against poverty consists of several measures that are also for youths in a very precarious situation: A contractual agreement between the State and the departments will be implemented to ensure youths between 18 and 21 years old supported by the youth welfare office (ASE) do not leave the ASE without a solution.
The National strategy includes a number of measures specifically targeting young people in situations of extreme precarity:
- improvement of access to rights and social services with universalisation of the “unconditional social reception” scheme; the “Zero non-take-up territories” experiment and introduction of a digital safe so that each and every citizen who so wishes has a secure storage space for their personal data;
- automatic renewal of complementary universal health coverage (CMU-C) for recipients of the RSA – Earned Income Supplement (Revenu de solidarité active);
- creation of 100 nursing homes and health centres in priority territories;
- implementation of a “100% Health” full reimbursement for spectacles, hearing aids and dental work;
Furthermore, since the summer of 2020 and within the framework of the plan to relaunch the economy in response to the effects of the health crisis, the government has started up a programme aimed at youth integration and employment, Plan 1 youth, 1 solution.
Plan 1 youth, 1 solution.
The plan 1 youth 1 solution, launched on 23 July 2020 activated a number of different integration measures such as hiring subsidies, training, programmes to support young people in difficulties. (See. Chapter 3 Employment and Entrepreneurship)
Local missions receive financial support from the State enabling provision of assistance to young people in the frame of the Youth Guarantee.
The scheme is mostly funded by the State, with European cofinancing (YEI-ESF).
In 2021, the overall resources proposed to be allocated to Garantie jeunes total an amount of 516.4 million euros.
Source: Finance law 2021, Work and employment.
National strategy for preventing and combating poverty and for social inclusion
The total cost of the National strategy for preventing and combating poverty and for social inclusion (taking all measures together) comes to 8.5 billion euros:
- 2.1 billion euros devoted to social investment and prevention of poverty.
- 2.5 billion for assistance in finding employment.
- 3.9 billion for revision of the Employment Bonus.
In order to deal with the Covid-19 crisis in 2020, the Government added over 1.8 billion euros to the budget of the strategy for the prevention and fight against poverty.
The Youth Guarantee (Garantie Jeunes) programme was subjected to an evaluation that enabled, in particular, the conditions for its general application to be determined. That evaluation provided for by decree no. 2013-880 of 1 October 2013, and it is done under the ægis of a scientific committee chaired by a university professor. The quantitative evaluation is is supplemented by qualitative field surveys with actors and young beneficiaries.
Finally, with the support of France Stratégie, a public body dedicated to studies and forward-planning, a Poverty Strategy Assessment Committee is tasked with analysing the impact of all measures on the living conditions of disadvantaged individuals. It may be mobilised as an assessment body in the context of calls for projects, in particular those financed by social investment funds.
Calls for projects bear on four themes:
- “full development of children from early childhood to 6 y/o”;
- “reinforced educational support during compulsory schooling”;
- “ensuring solvency of the integration pathways of young people 16-25 y/o”;
- “access to rights and services, in particular for young people (“Zero non-take-up territory”)