7.8 Current debates and reforms
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Fighting addiction through the national action plan against addictions 2018 - 2022 (alcohol, tobacco, drugs, screens)
Launched in 2018, the national plan to fight addictions is currently being implemented. The objectives of this plan aim in particular to inform people of the risks associated with the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis among young people, as well as of the excessive use of screens and video games.
It has 6 key points and 19 priorities, which are broken down into 69 objectives, some of which concern young people:
- Protect from an early age;
- Better respond to the consequences of addictions for citizens and society;
- Improve the effectiveness of the fight against trafficking;
- Strengthen knowledge and encourage its widespread distribution;
- Strengthen international cooperation;
- Create conditions for effective criminal proceedings across the country.
Developing sporting activity among young people
Presented on 25 March 2019, the National Sport Health Strategy (Stratégie Nationale Sport Santé) 2019-2024 revolves around 4 points, the first of which is "the promotion of health and well-being through sports and physical activity" and particularly concerns young people. This national plan is also part of the organising strategy for the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
Among the actions aimed at young people (indicative list):
- Promoting physical and sporting activities (PSA) among public schools and students, in particular by relying on the network of youth health ambassadors.
- Promoting the practice of PSA among young people, followed by the judicial protection of young people in order to support them in their integration project,
- Developing health sports centres throughout the country. These centres will be open to everyone, especially young people, who require a (re)introduction to practicing PSA for the purposes of well-being and health.
Impact of the health crisis on the well-being and health of young people
A parliamentary commission "of inquiry to measure and prevent the effects of the COVID-19 crisis on children and youth" was created in June 2020 in order to measure the psychological and health impacts of the pandemic and lockdown on children, adolescents and young adults. The commission wants to look at "the prolonged stress caused by the fear of infection, boredom, the absence of relations with friends, the absence of hobbies and extracurricular activities, relations of different kinds with parents, the lack of space at home" caused by the health crisis.
As part of its investigative work, the commission organises meetings with institutional bodies and associative partners of children and youth policies such as human rights defenders, the President of the Childhood-Family-Youth Commission of the Uniopss - National Interfederal Union Of Private Nonprofit Health And Welfare Organisations (Union nationale interfédérale des œuvres et organismes privés non lucratifs sanitaires et sociaux) the heads of local authorities or the Secretary of State to the Minister of National Education and Sports (ministre de l'Éducation nationale et des Sports), in charge of Youth and Engagement.