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EACEA National Policies Platform


6. Education and Training

6.10 Current debates and reforms

Last update: 15 December 2021

Forthcoming policy developments


New school year and Covid-19: the new health protocol in primary and secondary schools.

In the context of the health crisis, the Ministry of National Education wished to give priority to face-to-face teaching, while limiting the spread of the virus in schools and educational establishments. A new health protocol for the 2021-2022 school year was made public in the summer 2021. This protocol provides for a scale of measures according to the epidemic situation.

A four-level scale has been created:

  • level 1 / green level;
  • level 2 / yellow level;
  • level 3 / orange level;
  • level 4 / red level.

The applicable level is established according to the epidemic situation. The level 2 has been applied for the 2021 school year (except in Overseas territories).



Ongoing debates


School assessments

Since 2018, the Ministry of National Education has decided to organise standardised assessments of pupils at different education levels: CP (1st grade), CE1 (2nd grade), sixth grade and tenth grade in order to “have indicators for measuring the performance of the education system (temporal trends and international comparisons) at the national level ”.

These assessments which will take place at the start of the September 2021 school year regularly stir up debate and reflection, particularly on the part of the education community and pupils’ parents.