8.8 Synergies and partnerships
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The implementation of cultural policies aimed at young people is most often based on joint work between the Ministry of Culture, its directorates including deconcentrated, cultural institutions (museums, libraries ...), the Ministry of Culture National Education and Youth, other relevant ministries and other non-state actors including associations. These synergies materialize in different areas.
Here are some examples of transversal cultural policies for youth :
Culture and education
The Charter for artistic and cultural education (Charte pour l’éducation artistique et culturelle)
The production of the Charter for artistic and cultural education (Charte pour l'éducation artistique et culturelle) by the HCEAC - High Council for Artistic and Cultural Education (Haut Conseil de l’Éducation Artistique et Culturelle) presented in July 2016 is a clear sign of the intention to foster a synergy, a complementary approach between youth policies, particularly educational ones, and cultural policies in particular.
This charter brings together the stakeholders and institutions involved in artistic and cultural education around ten guiding principles for artistic and cultural education. It thus specifies that artistic education is not limited solely to the cultural sphere, but must also contribute to the "shaping and empowerment of the person and the citizen" and "factor in all of the stages in a young person's life" through an overall approach involving joint responsibility between the stakeholders delivering this education (local authorities, Ministry of National Education, Ministry of Culture, etc.).
Twinning of cultural structures-schools
Twinning is not a "scheme", but a partnership project between a school and a cultural institution. It is a flexible framework, conceived jointly by the two partners, who jointly carry out actions that meet pedagogical and cultural objectives.A school can engage in twinnings with several cultural partners such as museum, music academies.
Twinning can lead to the establishment of a cultural place and resources within the school.
Culture and Health
For more than two decades now, the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Culture have been running a joint policy bearing on access to culture for the whole hospital community: patients, elderly people, families, health workers and social workers. This is called the "Culture and health" (Culture et santé) programme.
In the regions, the interministerial partnership is materialised through agreements signed between the DRACs - Regional Departments of Cultural Affairs (Directions régionales des affaires culturelles) and the ARS - Regional Health Agencies (Agences régionales de la santé).
This agreement aims to continue the development of a cultural and artistic policy towards people in health facilities in the Paris region, their relatives and the staff.
The objectives of this agreement are (incomplete list):
• Promote and support quality cultural and artistic actions in health care settings;
• Encourage health facilities;
• Structure relations with local partners involved or involved in the system (sponsors and other funders, local authorities, etc.);
• Strengthen the visibility of the Culture & Santé program in Île-de-France and promote the actions carried out;
• Foster new forms of cooperation between health structures and their links with the different cultural structures of their local area;
• Strengthen the quality of artistic proposals involving health structures;
• Develop new fields of action, especially for early childhood and disability structures, or more broadly, at all stages of childhood.
Culture and justice
See sub-chapter Cultural participation of young people under justice in 8.9 Facilitating social inclusion through culture.
Cultural youth action is usually reliant on teamwork between various stakeholders: artists, cultural institutions, local and national authorities as well as associations. These partnerships are formally documented in contracts or agreements. It exists several types of contracts.
The CLEA - Local Artistic and Cultural Education Contract (Contrat local d'éducation artistique et culturelle)also referred to as the Territorial Artistic and Cultural Education Contract (CTEAC - Contrat territorial d’éducation artistique et culturelle)
CLEA/CTEA - Local or Territorial Artistic and Cultural Education Contracts (Contrats locaux ou territoriaux d'éducation artistique et culturelle) are contractual arrangements drawn up by the Ministry of Culture for three years, renewable, aimed at setting up and strengthening local artistic and cultural education policies. They are signed between local government (whether the Region, Département or municipality), the DRAC and the Ministry of National Education; other stakeholders can also climb aboard (foundation, association, holiday club, sociocultural centre, etc.).
CLEAs are tasked with helping children and young people in the local areas concerned to benefit from an artistic and cultural learning path.
They must enable children and young people (as well as the rest of the population) to:
- Encounter artworks, artists and cultural venues
- Try their hand at an artistic practice
- Get personally to grips with artworks, resources and cultural venues in their community
Through CLEAs, all of the partners are invited to bring their skills, remit and resources to bear on organising a shared project with the aim of making artistic and cultural education widely available.
A school (whether at primary, lower secondary or upper secondary level) may host artists as part of residence programmes with a view to facilitating encounters with artwork and an artist. The residence in schools (circular no. 2010-032 of 5 March 2010) must also enable students to develop their own artistic practice and shape their aesthetic judgement. Further, it must also encourage them to find out about and visit places of creation.
These artist-in-residence programmes are grounded in partnerships and in signed agreements (at the very least) between the school head or chief education officer, director of the national education département-level services, artist or head of an artistic team, and the head of the cultural structure.
As an example, the City of Clichy-sous-Bois and the City of Montfermeil located in suburban area of the Paris , with the “Medicis atelier”, a cultural structure and the Regional Directorate for Regional Affairs have launched in 2019 a call for applications in the direction of artists or artistic teams residing in France, for a "Residence-mission: artistic creation and youth". The working theme proposed to the candidates is: "youth in original version subtitled".